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# Graduate Courses

Course # | Course Name | Credit | Lab | Lecture | Study Hours |

PEP 500 | Physics Review A review course in the fundamentals of physics, especially | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 501 | Fundamentals of Atomic PhysicsElectrolysis, Brownian motion; charge and mass of electrons and ions; Zeeman effect; photoelectric effect; reflection, refraction, diffraction, absorption, and scattering of X-rays; Compton effect; diffraction of electrons; uncertainty principle; electron optics; Bohr theory of atom; atomic spectra and electron distribution; radioactivity; disintegration of nuclei; nuclear processes; nuclear energy; and fission. Typical text: Weidner and lls, Elementary Modern Physics. Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 503 | Introduction to Solid State PhysicsDescription of simple physical models which account for electrical conductivity and thermal properties of solids. Basic crystal lattice structures, X-ray diffraction and dispersion curves for phonons and electrons in reciprocal space. Energy bands, Fermi surfaces, metals, insulators, semiconductors, superconductivity and ferromagnetism. Fall semester. Typical text: Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics. Prerequisites: PEP 242, PEP 542 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 506 | Introduction to Astrophysics and CosmologyTheories of the universe, general relativity, Big Bang cosmology, and the inflationary universe; and elementary particle theory and nucleosynthesis in the early universe. Observational cosmology; galaxy formation and galactic structure; and stellar evolution and formation of the elements. White dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes, planetary systems, and the existence of life in the universe. Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 507 | Introduction to Microelectronics and PhotonicsAn overview of Microelectronics and Photonics Science and Technology. It provides the student who wishes to specialize in the application, physics or fabrication with the necessary knowledge of how the different aspects are interrelated. It is taught in three modules: design and applications, taught by EE faculty; operation of electronic and photonic devices, taught by Physics faculty; fabrication and reliability, taught by the | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 509 | Intermediate Waves and OpticsThe general study of field phenomena; scalar and vector fields and waves; dispersion phase and group velocity; interference, diffraction and polarization; coherence and correlation; geometric and physical optics. Typical text: Hecht and Zajac, Optics. Spring semester. Prerequisites: PEP 542 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 510 | Modern Optics LabThe course is designed to familiarize students with a range of optical instruments and their applications. Included will be the measurement of aberrations in optical systems, thin-film properties, Fourier transform imaging systems, nonlinear optics, and laser beam dynamics. Fall term. This course may sometimes be offered in the spring term if space Prerequisites: PEP 509 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 512 | Introduction to Nuclear Physics and Nuclear ReactorsHistorical introduction; radioactivity; laws of statistics of radioactive decay; alpha decay; square well model; gamma decay; beta decay; beta energy spectrum; neutrinos; nuclear reactions; relativistic treatment; semiempirical mass formula; nuclear models; uranium and the transuranic elements; fission; and nuclear reactors. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 515 | Photonics IThis course will cover topics encompassing the fundamental subject matter for the design of optical systems. Topics will include optical system analysis, optical instrument analysis, applications of thin-film coatings and opto-mechanical system design in the first term. The second term will cover the subjects of photometry and radiometry, spectrographic and spectrophotometric systems, infrared radiation measurement and instrumentation, lasers in optical systems and photon-electron conversion. Typical texts: Military Handbook 141 (U.S. Govt. Printing Office); S.P.I.E Reprint Series (Selected Issues); W.J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering . Prerequisites: PEP 209, PEP 509, EE 509 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 516 | Photonics II This course will cover topics encompassing the fundamental subject matter for the design of optical systems. Topics will include optical system analysis, optical instrument analysis, applications of thin-film coatings and opto-mechanical system design in the first term. The second term will cover the subjects of photometry and radiometry, spectrographic and spectrophotometric systems, infrared radiation measurement and instrumentation, lasers in optical systems and photon-electron conversion. Typical texts: Military Handbook 141 (U.S. Govt. Printing Office); S.P.I.E Reprint Series (Selected Issues); W.J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering . Prerequisites: PEP 209, PEP 509, EE 509 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 520 | Computational PhysicsNumerical techniques. Numerical methods for integrating Newton’s laws, the diffusion equation, Poisson’s equation, and the wave equation are discussed. Topics also covered: discrete Fourier transform, stability theory,curve fitting , the diagonalization of matrices, and Monte Carlo methods. Spring semester. Typical text: Garcia, Computational Physics. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 524 | Introduction to Surface ScienceA phenomenological and theoretical introduction to the field of surface science, including experimental techniques and engineering applications. Topics will include: thermodynamics and structure of surfaces, surface diffusion, electronic properties and space-charge effects, physisorption, and chemisorption. Spring semester. Alternate years. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 525 | Techniques of Surface and Nanostructure CharacterizationLectures, demonstrations and laboratory experiments, selected from among the following topics, depending on student interest: vacuum technology; thin-film preparation; scanning electron microscopy; infrared spectroscopy, ellipsometry: electron spectroscopies-Auger, photoelectron, LEED; ion spectroscopies SIMS, IBS, field emission; surface properties-area, roughness, and surface tension. Alternate years. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 527 | Mathematical Methods of Science and Engineering IFourier series, Bessel functions, and Legendre polynomials as involved in the solution of vibrating systems; tensors and vectors in the theory of elasticity; applications of vector analysis to electrodynamics; vector operations in curvilinear coordinates; numerical methods of interpolation and of integration of functions and differential equations. Prerequisites: MA 227 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 528 | Mathematical Methods of Science and Engineering IIVector and Tensor Fields: transformation properties, algebraic and differential operators and identities, geometric interpretation of tensors, integral theorems. Dirac delta-function and Green's function technique for solving linear inhomogeneous equations. N-dimensional complex space: rotations, unitary and hermitian operators, matrix-dyadic-Dirac notation, similarity transformations and diagonalization, Schmidt orthogonalization. Introduction to functions of a complex variable: analyticity, Cauchy's theorem, Taylor and Laurent expansions, analytic continuation, multiple- valued functions, residue theorem, contour integration, asymptotics. As techniques are developed, they are applied to examples in mechanics, electromagnetism and/or transport theory. Fall semester. Prerequisites: PEP 527 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 530 | Fundamental Principles of Physical ScienceThis course introduces students to the fundamental principles of physical science and develops in them a deeper understanding of the key issues in global energy production and consumption and global scale change and the engineering of solutions to the problems arising from these phenomena. The concepts of energy and energy transformations will be at the core of this course. These will be introduced using simple mechanical systems such as the pendulum and then will be generalized to discuss phenomena from the atomic scale to the global scale. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 531 | Fundamental Principles of Earth ScienceIntroduction to Earth as a dynamic system through the study of the Earth, ocean and atmosphere as a complex interacting system involving large scale flows of energy and matter. Topics include historic and physical geology, oceanography, atmospheric science and natural energy focused on content knowledge and research-based learning. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 532 | Energy Production and ConsumptionAn integral course in the five-course cluster developed for the Stevens Math-Science Partnership Program, this course explores the science and technology behind energy production, distribution and consumption. Fundamental principles about energy at the microscopic scale are shown to underlie the operation of multiple energy production systems in use today. The course seeks to especially connect the concepts of societal energy usage with the underlying principles of chemical structure, thermodynamics, and chemical reactions to provide models for understanding critical energy issues. Patterns of energy consumption that define the modern world and the global impact that energy use has on human society are explored and provide the context. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 533 | Understanding Global Climate ChangeExploration of the physical basis of global climate change and the impact on the Earth’s large scale climate systems of human activity will be studied. Topics include the analysis of the flow of energy and the energy transformations in the Earth system, the role of the carbon cycle and the greenhouse effect and the scientific data that has been used to establish the current viewpoint and predict future climates. We will also discuss socio-political and technological strategies for mitigating climate change. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 538 | Introduction to MechanicsParticle motion in one dimension. Simple harmonic oscillators. Motion in two and three dimensions, kinematics, work and energy, conservative forces, central forces, and scattering. Systems of particles, linear and angular momentum theorems, collisions, linear spring systems, and normal modes. Lagrange’s equations and applications to simple systems. Introduction to moment of inertia tensor and to Hamilton’s equations. Prerequisites: MA 221 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 540 | Physical ElectronicsCharged particle motions in electric and magnetic fields; electron and ion optics; charged particle velocity and mass spectrometry; electron and ion beam confinement; thermionic emission; the Pierce gun; field emission; secondary emission; photoelectric effect; sputtering; surface ionization; volume ionization; and Townsend discharge. Typical text: Beck and Ahmed, An Introduction to Physical Electronics. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 541 | Physics of Gas DischargesCharged particle motion in electric and magnetic fields; electron and ion emission; ion-surface interaction; electrical breakdown in gases; dark discharges and DC glow discharges; confined discharge; AC, RF, and microwave discharges; arc discharges, sparks, and corona discharges; non-thermal gas discharges at atmospheric pressure; and discharge and low-temperature plasma generation. Typical texts: J.R. Roth, Industrial Plasma Engineering: Principles, Vol. 1, and Y.P. Raizer, Gas Discharge Physics. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 542 | ElectromagnetismElectrostatics; Coulomb-Gauss law; Poisson-Laplace equations; boundary value problems; image techniques;dielectric media; magnetostatics; multipole expansion; electromagnetic energy; electromagnetic induction; Maxwell’s equations; electromagnetic waves, radiation, waves in bounded regions, wave equations and retarded solutions; simple dipole antenna radiation theory; transformation law of electromagnetic fields. Spring semester. Typical text: Reitz, Milford and Christy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory. Prerequisites: MA 221 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 544 | Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled FusionPlasmas in nature and application of plasma physics; single particle motion; plasma fluid theory; waves in plasmas; diffusion and resistivity; equilibrium and stability; nonlinear effects and thermonuclear reactions; the Lawson condition; magnetic confinement fusion; and laser fusion. Fall semester. Typical text: F.Chen, Plasma Physics. Prerequisites: PEP 542 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 545 | Plasma ProcessingBasic plasma physics; some atomic processes; and plasma diagnostics. Plasma production; DC glow discharges and RF glow discharges; magnetron discharges. Plasma-surface interaction; sputter deposition of thin films; reactive ion etching, ion milling, and texturing; electron beam-assisted chemical vapor deposition; and ion implantation. Sputtering systems; ion sources; electron sources; and ion beam handling. Typical texts: Chapman, Glow Discharge Processes; Brodie, Muray, The Physics of Micro-fabrication. Fall semester. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 550 | Fluid Mechanics Description of principle flow phenomena: pipe and channel flows, laminar flow, transition, and turbulence; flow past an object-boundary layer, wake, separation, vortices, and drag; convection in horizontal layers-conduction, convection, and transition from periodic to chaotic behavior. Equations of motion; dynamical scaling; simple viscous flows; inviscid flow; boundary layers, drag, and lift; thermal flows; flow in rotating fluids; hydro-dynamic stability; and transitions to turbulence. Typical text: Tritton, Physical Fluid Dynamics. Prerequisites: MA 221 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 551 | Advanced Physics Laboratory IAn experimental presentation of the evidence for atomic | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 553 | Quantum Mechanics and Engineering ApplicationsThis course is meant to serve as an introduction to formal quantum mechanics as well as to apply the basic formalism to several generic and important applications. Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 554 | Quantum Mechanics IIBasic concepts of quantum mechanics, states, operators; time development of Schrödinger and Heisenberg pictures; representation theory; symmetries; perturbation theory; systems of identical particles, L-S and j-j coupling; fine and hyperfine structure; scattering theory; molecular structure. Spring semester. Typical texts: Gottfried, Quantum Mechanics, Schiff, Quantum Mechanics. Prerequisites: PEP 538, PEP 553 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 555 | Statistical Physics and Kinetic TheoryKinetic theory: ideal gases, distribution functions, Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, Boltzmann equation, H-theorem and entropy, and simple transport theory. Thermodynamics: review of first and second laws, thermodynamic potentials, Legendre transformation, and phase transitions. Elementary statistical mechanics: introduction to microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical distributions, partition functions, simple applications, including ideal Maxwell-Boltzmann, Einstein-Bose, and Fermi-Dirac gases, paramagnetic systems, and blackbody radiation. Typical text: Reif, Statistical and Thermal Physics.Fall semester. Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 556 | Introduction to Quantum ControlInterference phenomena in electromagnetism and quantum mechanics; interaction of light and matter, principles of coherent control; adaptive and optimal algorithms; Rabi flopping in two-level systems; control of three-level systems including STRIRAP and electromagnetically induced transparency; tools for quantum control; various current and proposed applications. Prerequisites: PEP 553 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 561 | Solid State Electronics for Engineering IThis course introduces fundamentals of semiconductors and basic building blocks of semiconductor devices that are necessary for understanding semiconductor device operations. It is for first-year graduate students and upper-class undergraduate students in electrical engineering, applied physics, engineering physics, optical engineering and materials engineering, who have no previous exposure to solid state physics and semiconductor devices. Topics covered will include description of crystal structures and bonding; introduction to statistical description of electron gas; free-electron theory of metals; motion of electrons in periodic lattice-energy bands; Fermi levels; semiconductors and insulators; electrons and holes in semiconductors; impurity effects; generation and recombination; mobility and other electrical properties of semiconductors; thermal and optical properties; p-n junctions; metal-semiconductor contacts. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 562 | Solid State Electronics for Engineering IIThis course introduces operating principles and develops models of modern semiconductor devices that are useful in the analysis and design of integrated circuits. Topics covered include: charge carrier transport in semiconductors; diffusion and drift, injection, and lifetime of carriers; p-n junction devices; bipolar junction transistors; metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors and high electron mobility transistors, microwave devices; light emitting diodes, semiconductor lasers, and photodetectors; and integrated devices. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 570 | Guided-Wave OpticsReview of electromagnetic theory; derivation of Fresnels’ equations; guided-wave propagation by metallic and dielectric waveguides, including step-index optical fibers and graded-index fibers; optical transmission systems; and nonlinear effects in optical fibers, solitons, and fiber-optic gyroscope. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 575 | Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation and ClimateThis course treats scattering, absorption and emission of electromagnetic radiation in planetary media. The radiative transfer equation is derived, approximate solutions are found. Important heuristic models (Lorentz atom, two-level atom, vibrating rotator) as well as fundamental concepts are discussed including reflectance, absorptance, emittance, radiative warming/cooling rates, actinic radiation, photolysis and biological dose rates. A unified treatment of radiative transfer within the atmosphere and ocean is provided, and extensive use of two-stream and approximate methods is emphasized. Applications to the climate problem focus on the role of greenhouse gases, aerosols and clouds in explaining the temperature structure of the atmosphere and the equilibrium temperature of the earth. The course is suitable for beginning graduate and upper-level undergraduate students. Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 577 | Laser Theory and DesignAn introductory course to the theory of lasers; treatment of spontaneous and stimulated emission, atomic rate equations, laser oscillation conditions, power output and optimum output coupling; CW and pulsed operation, Q switching, mode selection, and frequency stabilization; excitation of lasers, inversion mechanisms, and typical efficiencies; detailed examination of principal types of lasers, gaseous, solid state, and liquid; chemical lasers, dye lasers, Raman lasers, high power lasers, TEA lasers, gas dynamic lasers. Design considerations for GaAlAs, argon ion, helium neon, carbon dioxide, neodymium YAG and pulsed ruby lasers. Fall semester. Typical text: Yariv, Optical Electronics. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 578 | Laser Applications and Advanced OpticsIntegrated optics, nonlinear optics, Pockels effect, Kerr effect, harmonic generation, parametric devices, phase conjugate mirrors, and phase matching. Coherent and incoherent detection, Fourier optics, image processing and holography, and Gaussian optics. Detection of light, signal to noise, PIN and APD diodes, and optical communication. Scattering of light, Rayleigh, Mie, Brillouin, Raman, and Doppler shift scattering. Spring semester. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 580 | Electronic Materials and DevicesElectronic, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties of materials, the description of these properties based on solid state physics. Description and principles of operation of devices. Spring semester. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 585 | Physical Design of Wireless SystemsPhysical design of wireless communication systems, emphasizing present and next-generation architectures; impact of non-linear components on performance; noise sources and effects; interference; optimization of receiver and transmitter architectures; individual components(LNAs, power amplifiers, mixers, filters, VCOs, phase-locked loops, frequency synthesizers, etc.); digital signal processing for adaptable architectures; analog-digital converters; new component technologies (SiGe, MEMS, etc.); specifications of component performance; reconfigurability and the role of digital signal processing in future generation architectures; direct conversion; RF packaging; and minimization of power dissipation in receivers. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 595 | Reliability and Failure of Solid State DevicesTreatment of the electrical, chemical, environmental, and mechanical driving forces that compromise the integrity and lead to the failure of devices. Both chip and packaging level failures will be modeled and quantified statistically. On the packaging level, thermal stresses, solder creep, fatigue and fracture, contact relaxation, corrosion and environmental degradation will be treated. Prerequisites: EE 507, MT 507, PEP 507 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 596 | Micro-Fabrication TechniquesDiscussions of aspects of the technology of processing procedures involved in the fabrication of microelectronic devices and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Topics with respect to IC fabrication include crystal growth, epitaxy, silicon oxide growth, impurity doping, ion implantation, photo and electron beam lithography, etching, sputtering, thin film metallization, passivation and packaging. Students will also learn that MEMS are sensors and actuators that are designed using different areas of engineering disciplines and they are constructed using a microlithographically-based manufacturing process in conjunction with both semiconductor and micromachining microfabrication technologies. Prerequisites: EE 507, PEP 507, MT 501, PEP 501 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 601 | Fundamentals of Data TransmittingThe course is the first part of the graduate certificate program "Wireless Secure Network Design" which includes also three other courses - PEP 602, 603 and 604. Program focuses on heterogeneous wireless systems used by first-responders - police, fire fighters, National Guard and other emergency forces - to protect the public during large scale crises, such as natural disasters and acts of terrorism. The program also includes analysis of homeland defense, financial and military operations using secure wireless systems. At the end of the program students will learn how protect existing wireless systems and how design highly secure systems for a future use. The course presents a comprehensive analysis of different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, transmission and modulation technologies, hardware new artificially engineered materials, and MEMS with accent on security and robustness of communications.Fall Semester | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 602 | Secure and Robust CommunicationsThe course presents an overview of areas of first responders and military activities and using of different heterogeneous wireless systems during large scale crises, such as natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and also during homeland defense, financial and military operations. The course includes an analysis of different wireless network architectures from security point of view. The course is the second part of the graduate certificate program "Wireless Secure Network Design" which includes also three other courses - PEP 601, 603 and 604. Fall semester. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 603 | Physical and Logical Security The course presents an overview of different methods of | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 604 | Secure Telecomm Wireless System DesignThe course presents an overview of different methods used in secure heterogeneous wireless systems design. Large scale infrastructure and ad hoc networks test and simulation are one of the major parts of the course. The course also includes practical exercises and lab experiments. The course is the last part of the graduate certificate program "Wireless Secure Network Design" which includes also three other courses - PEP 601, 602 and 603. Students successfully finished all four courses will receive a graduate certificate in wireless secure network design. Spring Semester. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 607 | Plasma Physics IMotion of charged particles in electromagnetic field; Boltzmann equation for plasma; properties of magnetoplasmas; and fundamentals of magnetohydrodynamics. Applications to include: mirror geometry, high frequency confinement, plasma confinement, and heating by means of magnetic fields; motion of plasmas along and across magnetic field lines; magnetohydrodynamic stability theory; plasma oscillations; microinstabilities waves in magnetoplasma; dispersion relations; Fokker-Planck equation for plasmas; plasma conductivity; runaway electrons; relaxation times; radiation phenomena in magnetoplasmas; stability theories; finite Larmor radius stabilization; minimum-B stability; and universal instabilities. Typical text: Schmidt, Physics of High Temperature Plasmas. Fall semester. Prerequisites: PEP 555, PEP 642, PEP 643 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 608 | Plasma Physics IIMotion of charged particles in electromagnetic field; Boltzmann equation for plasma; properties of magnetoplasmas; and fundamentals of magnetohydrodynamics. Applications to include: mirror geometry, high frequency confinement, plasma confinement, and heating by means of magnetic fields; motion of plasmas along and across magnetic field lines; magnetohydrodynamic stability theory; plasma oscillations; microinstabilities waves in magnetoplasma; dispersion relations; Fokker-Planck equation for plasmas; plasma conductivity; runaway electrons; relaxation times; radiation phenomena in magnetoplasmas; stability theories; finite Larmor radius stabilization; minimum-B stability; and universal instabilities. Typical text: Schmidt, Physics of High Temperature Plasmas. Spring semester. Prerequisites: PEP 607 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 610 | Advanced Modern Optics LaboratoryA continuation of PEP 510 for those students desiring a more thorough knowledge of optical systems. Included would be the use of an OTDR, ellipsometry, vacuum deposition of thin films, and other instrumentation. Students are encouraged to pursue their individual interests using the available equipment.Spring or fall term by arrangement. Prerequisites: PEP 510 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 619 | Solid State DevicesOperating principle, modeling, and fabrication of solid state devices for modern optical and electronic system implementation; recent developments in solid state devices and integrated circuits; devices covered include bipolar and MOS diodes and transistors, MESFET, MOSFET transistors, tunnel, IMPATT and BARITT diodes, transferred electron devices, light emitting diodes, semiconductor injection and quantum-well lasers, PIN, and avalanche photodetectors. Prerequisites: EE 503 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 621 | Quantum ChemistryTheorems and postulates of quantum mechanics; operator relationships; solutions of the Schrödinger equation for model systems; variational and perturbation methods; pure spin states; Hartree-Fock self-consistent field theory; and applications to many-electron atoms and molecules. CH 520 is an alternative prerequisite. Prerequisites: PEP 554 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 626 | Optical Communication SystemsTopics covered include components for and design of optical communication systems; propagation of optical signals in single mode and multimode optical fibers; optical sources and photodetectors; optical modulators and multiplexers; optical communication systems: coherent modulators, optical fiber amplifiers and repeaters, transcontinental and transoceanic optical telecommunication system design; optical fiber local area networks. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 630 | Nonlinear DynamicsDefinition of dynamical systems; phase space and equilibrium states and their classification; nonlinear oscillator with and without dissipation; Van der Pol generator; Poincare map; slow and fast motion; forced nonlinear oscillator: linear and nonlinear resonances; forced generators: synchronization; Poincaré indices and bifurcations; solitons; shock waves; weak turbulence; regular patterns in dissipative media; and chaos: fractal dimension, and Lyapunov exponents. Typical textbooks: H.D.I. Abarbanel, M.I. Rabinovich, and M.M. Sushchik, Introduction to Nonlinear Dynamics for Physicists; R.H. Abraham and C.D. Shaw, Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior. Prerequisites: PEP 528 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 642 | MechanicsLagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of mechanics, rigid body motion, elasticity, mechanics of continuous media, small vibration theory, special relativity, canonical transformations, and perturbation theory. Typical text: Goldstein, Classical Mechanics. Prerequisites: PEP 538 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 643 | Electricity and Magnetism IElectrostatics, boundary value problems, Green’s function techniques, methods of image, inversion, and conformal mapping; multipole expansion. Magnetostatics, vector potential. Maxwell’s equations and conservation laws. Electromagnetic wave propagation in media. Crystal optics. Fall semester. Typical texts: Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics; Landau and Lifshitz, Electrodynamics in Continuous Media. Prerequisites: PEP 542, PEP 528 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 644 | Electricity and Magnetism IIInteraction of electromagnetic waves with matter, dispersion, waveguides and resonant cavities, radiating systems, scattering and diffraction, covariant electromagnetic theory, motion of relativistic particles in electromagnetic fields, relativistic radiation theory, radiation damping, and self-fields. Spring semester. Typical texts: Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics and Landau and Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields, Electrodynamics in Continuous Media. Prerequisites: PEP 643 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 651 | Advanced Physics Lab IIAdvanced laboratory work in modern physics arranged to suit your requirement. Fall and spring semesters.Typical text: see PEP551. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 653 | Quantum Mechanics IIThis course is a continuation of PEP 554. Topics include: principles of quantum dynamics, time-dependent perturbation theory, scattering theory, the density matrix, quantization of the electromagnetic field, interaction of photons with atoms and non-relativistic particles, identical particles, and second quantization for many-body systems. Typical text: Quantum Mechanics by E. Merzbacher. Prerequisites: PEP 542, PEP 554 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 661 | Solid State Physics ICrystal symmetry. Space-group-theory analysis of normal modes of lattice vibration, phonon dispersion relations, and Raman and infrared activity. Crystal field splitting of ion energy level and transition selection rules. Bloch theorem and calculation of electronic energy bands through tight binding and pseudopotential methods for metals and semiconductors and Fermi surfaces. Transport theory, electrical conduction, thermal properties, cyclotron resonance, de Haas van Alfen, and Hall effects. Dia-, para-, and ferro-magnetism and magnon spinwaves. Fall semester. Typical texts: Callaway, Quantum Theory of Solid State; Ashcroft and Mermin, Solid State Physics; and Kittel, Quantum Theory of Solids. Prerequisites: PEP 544 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 662 | Solid State Physics IICrystal symmetry. Space-group-theory analysis of normal modes of lattice vibration, phonon dispersion relations, and Raman and infrared activity. Crystal field splitting of ion energy level and transition selection rules. Bloch theorem and calculation of electronic energy bands through tight binding and pseudopotential methods for metals and semiconductors and Fermi surfaces. Transport theory, electrical conduction, thermal properties, cyclotron resonance, de Haas van Alfen, and Hall effects. Dia-, para-, and ferro-magnetism and magnon spinwaves. Spring semester. Typical texts: Callaway, Quantum Theory of Solid State; Ashcroft and Mermin, Solid State Physics; and Kittel, Quantum Theory of Solids. Prerequisites: PEP 661 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 667 | Statistical MechanicsAdvanced transport theory, classical statistical mechanics, fluctuation theory, quantum statistical mechanics, ideal Bose and Fermi gases, imperfect gases, phase transitions, superfluids, Ising model critical phenomena, and renormalization group. Typical text: Huang, Statistical Mechanics. Prerequisites: PEP 555 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 678 | Physics of Optical Communication SystemsThis course explains the physics behind modern optical communication systems at high data rates. The first half of this course covers information theory and light propagation over fiber optic waveguide channels; semiconductor laser sources and detectors; high speed digital optic links; and dense wavelength division multiplexing methods and devices. The second half of this course covers quantum optical information theory; coherent systems and quantum correlations; optical solition-based communication; squeezed light and noise limitations; de-phasing and de-coherence; teleportation and secure communication system protocols; and cryptography and chaotic optics. Prerequisites: PEP 553 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 679 | Fourier OpticsAbbe diffraction theory of image formation, spatial filtering, coherence lengths, and areas. Holograms; speckle photography; impulse response function; CTF, OTF, and MTF of lens system; and coherent and incoherent optical signal processing. Spring semester. Typical text: Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 680 | Quantum OpticsThis course explores the quantum mechanical aspects of the theory of electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter. Topics covered include Einstein’s theory of emission and absorption, Planck’s law, quantum theory of light-matter interaction, classical fluctuation theory, quantized radiation field, photon quantum statistics, squeezing, and nonlinear interactions. Offered in alternate years. Typical text: Loudon, Quantum Theory of Light. Prerequisites: PEP 509, PEP 542, PEP 554 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 685 | Physical Design of Wireless SystemsPhysical design of wireless communication systems, emphasizing present and next generation architectures. Impact of non-linear components on performance; noise sources and effects; interference; optimization of receiver and transmitter architectures; individual components (LNAs, power amplifiers, mixers, filters, VCOs, phase-locked loops, frequency synthesizers, etc.); digital signal processing for adaptable architectures; analog-digital converters; new component technologies (SiGe, MEMS, etc.); specifications of component performance; reconfigurability and the role of digital signal processing in future generation architectures; direct conversion; RF packaging; minimization of power dissipation in receivers. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 690 | Introduction to VLSI DesignIntroduction to the principles and design techniques of very large scale integrated circuits (VLSI). Topics include: MOS transistor characteristics, DC analysis, resistance, capacitance models, transient analysis, propagation delay, power dissipation, CMOS logic design, transistor sizing, layout methodologies, clocking schemes, case studies. Students will use VLSI CAD tools for layout, and simulation. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 691 | Physics and Applications of Semiconductor NanostructuresThis course is intended to introduce the concept of electronic energy band engineering for device applications. Topics to be covered are electronic energy bands, optical properties, electrical transport properties of multiple quantum wells, superlattices, quantum wires, and quantum dots; mesoscopic systems, applications of such structures in various solid state devices, such as high electron mobility, resonant tunneling diodes, and other negative differential conductance devices, double-heterojunction injection lasers, superlattice-based infrared detectors, electron-wave devices (wave guides, couplers, switching devices), and other novel concepts and ideas made possible by nano-fabrication technology. Fall semester. Typical text: M. Jaros, Physics and Applications of Semiconductor Microstructures; G. Bastard, Wave Mechanics Applied to Semiconductor Heterostructures. Prerequisites: PEP 503, PEP 553 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 700 | Quantum Electron Physics and Technology SeminarThis seminar is focused on nanostructure-scale electron systems that are so small that their dynamic and statistical properties can only be properly described by quantum mechanics. This includes many submicron semiconductor devices based on heterostructures, quantum wells, superlattices, etc., and it interfaces solid state physics with surface physics and optics. Outstanding visiting scientists make presentations, as well as some faculty members and doctoral research students discussing their thesis work and related journal articles. Participation in these seminars is regarded as an important part of the research education of a physicist working in condensed matter physics and/or surface physics and optics. | 1 | 0 | 1 | 2 |

PEP 701 | Seminar on Current Topics in Physics and ApplicationsThis seminar is focused on current topics in physics and their applications in various areas. The format of the seminar is similar to PEP 700, but the scope of the seminar covers a broader range of topics, including interdisciplinary areas and applications such as low-temperature plasma science and technology, atmospheric and environmental science and technology, and other topics. One credit per semester. PEP 700 and PEP 701 may be taken for up to three credits. | 1 | 0 | 1 | 2 |

PEP 704 | Group Theory for Physics in Solid State and Molecular PhysicsGroup theory for physicists with applications to solid state and molecular physics. Relation between group theory and quantum (or classical) mechanics, between classes and observables, and between representations and states. Point groups: full rotation group, crystallographic point groups, and spin-associated double groups. Crystal field theory with and without spin, selection rules and character tables, and use of product representation. Form of macroscopic crystal tensors molecular vibrational states and spectra. Translational properties of crystals. Energy band structure. Formal classification of space groups with examples. Time reversal and Onsager relations with examples. Lattice vibrations and phonons. Localized valence orbitals in chemistry. Hartree-Fock many-electron wave-functions. Phase transitions. Representative texts: M. Lax Symmetry, Principles in Solid State and Molecular Physics; Heine Group, Theory in Quantum Mechanics. Prerequisites: PEP 554 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 722 | Molecular SpectroscopyTheoretical foundations of spectroscopic methods and their application to the study of atomic and molecular structure and properties; theory of absorption and emission of radiation; line spectra of complex atoms; group theory; rotational, vibrational, and electronic spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules; infrared, Raman, and uv-vis spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy and applications; photoelectron spectroscopy; and multi-photon processes. Prerequisites: PEP 509, PEP 554 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 739 | Theory of RelativityGeometrical foundations of space-time theories, geometrical objects, affine geometry, and metric geometry; structure of space-time theories, symmetry, and conservation laws; Newtonian mechanics; special relativity; foundations of general relativity, Mach’s principle, principle of equivalence, principle of general covariance, and Einstein’s equations; solution of Einstein’s equations; experimental tests of general relativity; conservation laws in general relativity, gravitational radiation, and motion of singularities; and cosmology. Fall semester. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 740 | The Physics of NanostructuresProgress in the technology of nanostructure growth; space and time scales; quantum confined systems; quantum wells, coupled wells, and superlattices; quantum wires and quantum dots; electronic states; magnetic field effects; electron-phonon interaction; and quantum transport in nanostructures: Kubo formalism and Butikker-Landau formalism; spectroscopy of quantum dots; Coulomb blockade, coupled dots, and artificial molecules; weal localization; universal conductance fluctuations; phase-breaking time; theory of open quantum systems: fluctuation-dissipation theorem; and applications to quantum transport in nanostructures. Prerequisites: PEP 554, PEP 661 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 750 | Quantum Field TheoryThis course is open to students who have taken PEP 754 or its equivalent. It concerns itself with modern field theory; such topics as Yang-Mills fields, the renormalization group, and functional integration. It will concern itself with applications to both elementary particles and condensed matter physics; i.e. the theory of critical exponents. Typical text: C. Quigg, Gauge Theories of Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetic Interactions. Prerequisites: PEP 754 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 751 | Elementary ParticlesThis course is open to students who have taken PEP 754 or its equivalent. It is an introduction to the theory of elementary particles. It stresses symmetries of both the strong and weak interactions. It presents a detailed study of SU(3) and the quark model, as well as the Cabbibo theory of the weak interactions. Typical text: F. Close, An Introduction to Quarks and Partons. Prerequisites: PEP 754 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 754 | Advanced Quantum MechanicsThis course is an introduction to relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. Relativistic wave equations, including the Klein-Gordon equation and the Dirac equation. Commutation relation and canonical quantization of free fields. Spin and statistics of Bose and Fermi fields. Interacting quantum fields: interaction representation and S-matrix perturbation theory, Feynman diagrams, and renormalization theory with applications to quantum electrodynamics. Typical texts: Advanced Quantum Mechanics by J. J. Sakurai and Quantum Field Theory by F. Mandl and G. Shaw. Prerequisites: PEP 653 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 757 | Quantum Field Theory Methods in Statistical and Many-Body Physics Dirac notation; Transformation theory; Second quantization; Particle creation and annihilation operators; Schrodinger, Heisenberg and Corequisites: PEP 554Prerequisites: PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 758 | Quantum Statistical MechanicsThe course features the application of modern field theory methods and Prerequisites: PEP 757 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

PEP 764 | Advanced Quantum MechanicsSecond quantization of Bose and Fermi fields; interaction and Heisenberg pictures; S-matrix theory; quantum electrodynamics; diagrammatic techniques. Fall semester, by reqeust. Typical texts: Mandl, Introduction to Quantum Field Theory; Sakurai, Advanced Quantum Mechanics. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 777 | Methods of Quantum ControlSince its emergence over 75 years ago, quantum mechanics brings each generation new challenging investigations and discoveries of quantum phenomena. In this course we introduce the results of research on quantum properties of light and matter that afford the possibility of unprecedented control over dynamics of atoms and molecules. Prerequisites: PEP 554, PEP 527 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

PEP 800 | Special Topics in Physics (MS)Topics include any one of the following: magnetohydrodynamics, quantum mechanics, general relativity, many-body problem, nuclear physics, quantum field theory, low temperature physics, diffraction theory,and particle physics. Limit of six credits for the master’s degree. | 3 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 801 | Special Topics in Physics (PhD)One to six credits. Limit of six credits for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 810 | Special Topics in Physics and Engineering Physics A participating seminar on topics of current interest and importance in Physics and Engineering PhysicsPlease contact the Registrar for more information.
| 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 900 | Thesis in Physics (MS)For the degree of Master of Science. Five to ten credits with departmental approval. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 901 | Thesis in Engineering PhysicsFor the degree of Master of Engineering. Five to ten credits with departmental approval. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

PEP 960 | Research in Physics (PhD)Original experimental or theoretical research undertaken under the guidance of the faculty of the department which may serve as the basis for the dissertation required for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Hours and credits to be arranged. This course is open to students who have passed the doctoral qualifying examination; a student who has already taken the required doctoral courses may register for this in the term in which s/he intends to take the qualifying examination. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

Course # | Course Name | Credit | Lab | Lecture | Study Hours |

NANO 503 | Introduction to Solid State PhysicsDescription of simple physical models which account for electrical conductivity and thermal properties of solids. Basic crystal lattice structures, X-ray diffraction and dispersion curves for phonons and electrons in reciprocal space. Energy bands, Fermi surfaces, metals, insulators, semiconductors, superconductivity and ferromagnetism. Fall semester. Typical text: Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics. Prerequisites: PEP 242, PEP 542 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 525 | Techniques of Surface and Nanostructure CharacterizationLectures, demonstrations and laboratory experiments, selected from among the following topics, depending on student interest: vacuum technology; thin-film preparation; scanning electron microscopy; infrared spectroscopy, ellipsometry: electron spectroscopies-Auger, | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 553 | Introduction to Quantum MechanicsThis course is an introduction to quantum mechanics for students in physics and engineering. Techniques discussed include solutions of the Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions, and operator and matrix methods. Applications include infinite and finite quantum wells, barrier penetration and scattering in one dimension, the harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, central force problems, including the hydrogen atom, and spin. Fall semester. Typical text: Quantum Physics by Gasiorowicz Prerequisites: MA 221, PEP 242 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 554 | Quantum Mechanics IThis course is meant as the first in a two-course sequence on non-relativistic quantum mechanics for physics graduate students, with an emphasis on applications to atomic, molecular, and solid state physics. Undergraduate students may take this course as a Technical Elective. Topics covered include: review of Schrödinger wave mechanics; operator algebra, theory of representation, and matrix mechanics; symmetries in quantum mechanics; spin and formal theory of angular momentum, including addition of angular momentum; and approximation methods for stationary problems, including time independent perturbation theory, WKB approximation, and variational methods. Typical text: Quantum Mechanics by E. Merzbacher. Prerequisites: PEP 538, PEP 553, PEP 532 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 555 | Catalysis and Characterization of NanoparticlesMost processes in petroleum and chemical industries utilize catalytic reactions. Moreover, many emerging technologies in the energy sector and in green chemistry for sustainability rely on catalysis. This course provides the fundamentals of synthesis, characterization and testing of catalytic materials with an emphasis on metal and metal oxide nanoparticles, the most widely used class of catalysts. Methodologies for development of molecular-level reaction mechanisms, material structure-activity relations and kinetic models are described. The course is essential for anyone planning a career in the chemical industry. It is recommended for all professionals working with nanoparticles and also with diverse applications where the solid-gas interface is important. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 570 | Environmental ChemistryPrinciples of environmental reactions with emphasis on aquatic chemistry; reaction and phase equilibria; acid-base and carbonate systems; oxidation-reduction; colloids; organic contaminants classes, sources, and fates; groundwater chemistry; and atmospheric chemistry. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 571 | Physicochemical Processes for Environmental ControlA study of the chemical and physical operation involved in treatment of potable water, industrial process water, and wastewater effluent; topics include chemical precipitation, coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, ion exchange, oxidation, adsorption, flotation, and membrane processes. A physical-chemical treatment plant design project is an integral part of the course. The approach of unit operations and unit processes is stressed. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 596 | Fabrication Techniques for Micro and Nano DevicesDeals with aspects of the technology of processing procedures involved in the fabrication of microelectronic devices and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Students will become familiar with various fabrication techniques used for discrete devices as well as large-scale integrated thin-film circuits. Students will also learn that MEMS are sensors and actuators that are designed using different areas of engineering disciplines and they are constructed using a microlithographically-based manufacturing process in conjunction with both semiconductor and micromachining microfabrication technologies Prerequisites: PEP 507 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 600 | Nanoscale Science and TechnologyThis course deals with the fundamentals and applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Size-dependent phenomena, ways and means of designing and synthesizing nanostructures, and cutting-edging applications will be presented in an integrated and interdisciplinary manner. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 602 | Principles of Inorganic Materials SynthesisThe goal of this course is to learn the basic concepts commonly utilized in the processing of advanced materials with specific compositions and microstructures. Solid state diffusion mechanisms are described with emphasis on the role of point defects, the mobility of diffusing atoms, and their interactions. Macroscopic diffusion phenomena are analyzed by formulating partial differential equations and presenting their solutions. The relationships between processing and microstructure are developed on the basis of the rate of nucleation and growth processes that occur during condensation, solidification, and precipitation. Diffusionless phase transformations observed in certain metallic and ceramic materials are discussed. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 3 |

NANO 610 | Health and Environmental Impact of NanotechnologyThis course covers the environmental and health aspects of nanotechnology. It presents an overview of nanotechnology along with characterization and properties of nanomaterials. The course material covers the biotoxicity and ecotoxicity of nanomaterials. A sizable part of the course is devoted to discussions about the application of nanotechnology for environmental remediation along with discussions about fate and transport of nanomaterials. Special emphasis is given to risk assessment and risk management of nanomaterials, ethical and legal aspects of nanotechnology, and nano-industry and nano-entrepreneurship. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 615 | Crystallization of Biological MoleculesThis course provides an overview and industrial perspectives regarding downstream separation in drug substance development and manufacturing. Basic principles and practical applications of unit operations most commonly employed in the pharmaceutical industry will be discussed, including extraction, absorption, membrane, distillation, crystallization, filtration, and drying. Examples will be discussed to illustrate the intrinsic relationship between process development, equipment selection, and scale-up success. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 3 |

NANO 650 | Advanced BiomaterialsUpon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the major classes of engineering materials, their principal properties, and design requirements that serve as both the basis for materials selection, as well as for the ongoing development of new materials. This course is substantially differentiated from introductory materials courses by its very specific focus on materials whose use puts them in direct contact with physiological systems. Thus, the course begins with brief sections on inflammatory response, thrombosis, infection, and device failure. It then concentrates on developing the fundamental materials science and engineering concepts underlying the structure-property relationships in both synthetic and natural polymers, metals and alloys, and ceramics relevant to in vivo medical device technology. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 652 | Design and Fabrication of Micro and Nano Electromechanical SystemsThis course follows the introductory course and covers advanced topics in the design, modeling, and fabrication of micro and nano electromechanical systems. The materials will be broad and multidisciplinary including: review of micro and nano electromechanical systems, dimensional analysis and scaling, thermal, transport, fluids, microelectronics, feedback control, noise, and electromagnetism at the micro and nanoscales; the modeling of a variety of new MEMS/NEMS devices; and alternative approaches to the continuum mechanics theory. The goal will be achieved through a combination of lectures, case studies, individual homework assignments, and design projects carried out in teams. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 653 | NanocatalysisPlease contact the Registrar for more information.
| 3 | 0 | 3 | 3 |

NANO 672 | Polymers at Solid-Liquid InterfacesThe course covers recent advances in macromolecular science, including polyelectrolytes and water-soluble polymers, synthetic and biological macromolecules at surfaces, self-assembly of synthetic and biological macromolecules, and polymers for biomedical applications. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 674 | Polymer FunctionalityTopics at the interface of polymer chemistry and biomedical sciences, focusing on areas where polymers have made a particularly strong contribution, such as in biomedical sciences and pharmaceuticals. Synthesis and properties of biopolymers; biomaterials; nanotechnology smart polymers; functional applications in biotechnology, tissue and cell engineering; and biosensors and drug delivery. Prerequisites: CH 244 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 675 | NanomedicineThis course will provide a comprehensive introduction to the rapidly developing field of nanomedicine and discuss the application of nanoscience and nanotechnology in medicine such as, in diagnosis, imaging and therapy, surgery, and drug delivery. Prerequisites: NANO 600 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 680 | Fundamentals of Micro/Nano FluidicsAs an introduction to micro/nano fluidics, course topics include basic fluid mechanical theories, experimental techniques, fabrication techniques and applications of micro/nano fluidics. The theory part will cover continuum fluid mechanics at micro/nano scales, molecular approaches, capillary effects, electrokinetic flows, acoustofluidics and optofluidics. The experimental part will cover micro/nano rheology and particle image velocimetry. The fabrication part will cover materials and machining techniques for micro/nano fluidic devices. The application part will cover micro/nano fluidic devices for flow control, life sciences and chemistry. As a term project, individual students are required to perform a case study for their own selected topic in micro/nano fluidics, to conduct a literature survey/summary and to propose/analyze their own new design idea of a micro/nano fluidic devices by utilizing the knowledge obtained throughout the course. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 682 | Colloids and Interfacial Phenomena at the NanoscaleA survey course covering the chemical, biological and material science aspects of interfacial phenomena. Applications to adhesion, biomembranes, colloidal stability, detergency, lubrication, coatings, fibers and powders - where surface properties play an important role. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 685 | NanobiotechnologyThis course describes the application of nano- and micro-fabrication methods to build tools for exploring the mysteries of biological systems. It is a graduate-level course that will cover the basics of biology and the principles and practice of nano- and microfabrication techniques, with a focus on applications in biomedical and biological research. Prerequisites: NANO 600 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 690 | Cellular Signal Transduction This advanced course covers the mechanism and biological role of signal transduction in mammalian cells. Topics included are extracellular regulatory signals, intracellular signal transduction pathways, role of tissue context in the function of cellular regulation, and examples of biological processes controlled by specific cellular signal transduction pathways. Prerequisites: CH 381, CH 484 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 691 | Physics and Applications of Semiconductor NanostructuresThis course is intended to introduce the concept of electronic energy band engineering for device applications. Topics to be covered are electronic energy bands, optical properties, electrical transport properties of multiple quantum wells, superlattices, quantum wires, and quantum dots; mesoscopic systems, applications of such structures in various solid state devices, such as high electron mobility, resonant tunneling diodes, and other negative differential conductance devices, double-heterojunction injection lasers, superlattice-based infrared detectors, electron-wave devices (wave guides, couplers, switching devices), and other novel concepts and ideas made possible by nano-fabrication technology. Fall semester. Typical text: M. Jaros, Physics and Applications of Semiconductor Microstructures; G. Bastard, Wave Mechanics Applied to Semiconductor Heterostructures. Prerequisites: PEP 503, PEP 553 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 6 |

NANO 695 | Bio/Nano PhotonicsThis course deals with the principles of light interactions with biological and biomedical-relevant systems. The enabling aspects of nanotechnology for advanced biosensing, medical diagnosis, and therapeutic treatment will be discussed. Prerequisites: NANO 600 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 700 | Seminar in Nanotechnology Lectures by department faculty, guest speakers and doctoral students on recent research. | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

NANO 701 | Multiscale Mechanics and Computational MethodsThis graduate course will introduce the applications of multiscale theory and computational techniques in the fields of materials and mechanics. Students will obtain fundamental knowledge on homogenization and heterogeneous materials, and be exposed to various sequential and concurrent multiscale techniques. The first half of the course will be focused on the homogenization theory and its applications in heterogeneous materials. In the second half multiscale computational techniques will be addressed through multiscale finite element methods and atomistic/continuum computing. Students are expected to develop their own course projects based on their research interests and the relevant topics learned from the course. | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 702 | Microchemical SystemsPlease contact the Registrar for more information.
| 3 | 0 | 3 | 3 |

NANO 740 | The Physics of NanostructuresProgress in the technology of nanostructure growth; space and time scales; quantum confined systems; quantum wells, coupled wells, and superlattices; quantum wires and quantum dots; electronic states; magnetic field effects; electron-phonon interaction; and quantum transport in nanostructures: Kubo formalism and Butikker-Landau formalism; spectroscopy of quantum dots; Coulomb blockade, coupled dots, and artificial molecules; weal localization; universal conductance fluctuations; phase-breaking time; theory of open quantum systems: fluctuation-dissipation theorem; and applications to quantum transport in nanostructures. Prerequisites: PEP 554, PEP 662 | 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

NANO 810 | Special Topics in Nanotechnology
| 3 | 0 | 3 | 0 |

### Physics & Engineering Physics Department

Rainer Martini, Director