At Stevens, we are strengthening a proud tradition of conducting high-quality research by developing ways to ensure that laboratory breakthroughs and new technologies are translated into successful, commercially-viable products and processes. We believe the future lies in Technogenesis and the beneficial university-industry-government collaboration.
Stevens research initiatives are interdisciplinary; they have a strong connection to our undergraduate course offerings. From the process of investigation and discovery through applications in the marketplace, regardless of the particular discipline under which they are created, our projects are interconnected; this prepares our students for professional work. Our research initiatives reflect the Stevens academic philosophy of a comprehensive and unified approach to engineering, science, technology, and management.
The Center investigates new techniques from computational algebra and their applications to practical problems in cryptography and cryptanalysis. Our main research themes are:
- Cryptanalysis of public key cryptosystems based on algebraic problems.
- Theoretical development of generic complexity.
- Application of generic complexity to the problem of testing the security of cryptosystems.
The Center includes faculty from the Department of Mathematical Sciences and the Department of Computer Science. The Center, currently located in Pierce 308, sponsors a number of seminars, lectures, and visitors.
The Center for Decision Technologies (www.stevens.edu/decision) solves significant social problems by augmenting human cognition with sensors and robots. Current research focuses on the design of mixed networks of people, mobile robots, and sensors. One particular topic of current investigation is the way people move in relation to the changing wireless communication infrastructure surrounding them. The center has studied problems in the areas of emergency response, decision-making, search and rescue, and robotic teleoperation, as well as the application of robotic technologies to business and education.
The Center of Excellence in Business Process Innovation was founded in 2004 and belongs to a group of seven research centers under the umbrella of the SAP/IDS Scheer Institute for Business Process Innovation. We study the interplay between business processes and the organization and our projects focus on two major themes:
How can technology facilitate innovative business processes?
How can technology support process management?
Research areas include:
- Process Risk Management
- Business Activity Monitoring
- Strategic Process Management
- Distributed Task Allocation
- Process Modeling in the Large
- BPM Standardization
This state-of-the-art facility, administered by CEE, provides diversified research services for the development, testing, transfer, and implementation of innovative environmental technologies. It has multimedia capabilities for wastewater, liquid waste, solid waste, and air studies. Its role is to offer services to industry, government, and environmental professional organizations ranging from short duration, highly-specialized testing, to long-term applied research studies. JNEL’s capabilities cover a broad range, including waste stream characterization, process feasibility and waste minimization studies, regulatory acceptance testing for product certification, and environmental compatibility testing of new products.
The laboratory includes a large high-bay process testing laboratory for conducting process experiments and an analytical laboratory equipped with fully-automated instrumentation including gas chromatography/ion-trap mass spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection, and atomic absorption spectrophotometry with both graphite furnace and flame capability.
The Center for Global Technology Management (CGTM) is the Wesley J. Howe School's focal point for research and educational programs in global studies. In research, the center focuses on issues related to global innovation practices and theory. The center's educational program includes a range of courses leading to a "global concentration" in several Howe School graduate programs. The center also plans a series of executive courses, as well as student exchange programs, at the undergraduate and graduate level with global corporations and international business schools.
The Center for Innovation in Engineering and Science Education (CIESE), www.ciese.org, part of the Charles V. Schaefer, Jr. School of Engineering and Science, was founded in 1988 to lend Stevens' expertise in integrating computers into its curriculum to improve K-12 science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education. CIESE's mission is to increase the pool and improve the capabilities of all students to pursue higher education and careers in technological fields and to support the Stevens education by catalyzing and fostering innovation in the teaching and learning of engineering, science, and mathematics. CIESE’s outreach efforts impact pre-college and university educators and students in order to improve the quality of students and advance the practices of engineering, applied science, and technology management.
In pursuing its mission, CIESE's work has encompassed both pre-college and post-secondary educators. The Center assists K-12 educators in exploiting the power of technology to improve teaching and learning in engineering, science, mathematics, and other disciplines. These activities complement Stevens objectives by helping students acquire the foundations necessary to excel in science, mathematics, and other subjects. Achievement in these "gateway" subjects enables students to go on to the advanced study required in engineering and other technologically-rich fields.
CIESE works collaboratively with teachers, school system administrators, and university faculty to provide intensive, hands-on training, support, and counsel to infuse technology in meaningful ways into the curriculum. Technology is seen as both a tool for teachers and a new mode for bringing exciting content to students. In the past, students might have read in a textbook about earthquakes that happened several years ago; today it is possible for them to log onto a Web site and see the location and intensity of earthquakes that have occurred within the past 24 hours. Bringing these real-world phenomena into the classroom both motivates and engages students to learn in ways not possible with more traditional tools. Through partnerships with school districts, as well as colleges, universities, and other organizations in New Jersey and four other states, CIESE has trained more than 20,000 teachers and impacted more than a half-million students. CIESE’s Internet-based curriculum materials have been recognized by organizations such as the White House Office of Science & Technology Policy, the U.S. Department of Education, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, and other organizations. More than 100,000 students participate in CIESE’s real-time data and global telecollaborative projects each year. CIESE is currently implementing a $1.5 million U.S. Department of Education grant to transform teaching and learning in science and mathematics education for pre-service teachers through partnerships with 33 community colleges. CIESE has also implemented large-scale technology training programs, including a five-year, $9.28 million U.S. Department of Education Technology Innovation Challenge Grant; a three-year, $750,000 AT&T Foundation grant; a three-year, $600,000 New Jersey Department of Education grant; and a three-year, $1 million program to strengthen science education for New Jersey's neediest schools; as well as several specific teacher-training programs with New Jersey and New York schools and districts.
Central to CIESE activities are unique and compelling Internet-based curriculum materials for K-12 science and mathematics education. The Savvy Cyber Teacher® (SCT) workshop series is a 10-part, 30-hour teacher-training program providing educators with hands-on experience using Web-based applications in order to engage students in authentic science investigations and problem-solving activities using real-time data and global telecollaboration. SCT materials and other training programs are available to schools and teachers through grant-funded programs or fee-for-services arrangements with CIESE.
The National Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce (CSR) brings together a unique set of academic institutions from around the nation and public and private sector partners with diverse expertise and significant experience in developing new knowledge, technology products, models, tools, policies & procedures, and training related to global maritime security and coastal safety. These capabilities will be applied to:
- Improve the security of the Marine Transportation System (MTS) and coastal and offshore operations, leveraging security investments to also improve economic performance;
- Improve emergency response to events in the maritime domain; and
- Improve the resiliency of the MTS, offshore operations, and coastal environments.
The capabilities and experience of the Center’s team, coupled with an array of existing experimental and computational facilities at the member institutions, will create an enterprise that is uniquely equipped to develop, evaluate and implement new technologies, policies, and systems, beginning from collaborative design and moving quickly to experimentation and actual implementation in the real-world environment.
The Center for Maritime Systems works to preserve and secure our nation’s maritime resources through collaborative knowledge development, innovation and invention, and education and training. This Center has become the world’s leader in delivering new knowledge, advanced technology, and education in support of the maritime community. It uniquely integrates the fields of naval architecture, coastal and ocean engineering, physical oceanography, and marine hydrodynamics to create a trans-disciplinary enterprise that can address both the highly-specialized issues confronting each discipline, as well as the more complex, integrated issues facing natural and man-made maritime systems. The inclusion of undergraduate and graduate students in this collaborative research endeavor continues the Stevens tradition of Technogenesis® - where students, faculty and industry jointly nurture new technologies to the benefit of society. The Center involves approximately 60 people, of which 80% are students, research engineers and post-docs. The faculty is from more than 8 different departments.
The Center is composed of three integrated facilities supported by the Instrumentation and Design Group that designs and manufactures the specialized equipment needed to support research activities and by the Computation Support Group that ensures the availability of high end computer and visualization power:
The Davidson Laboratory
The Davidson Laboratory, founded in 1935, is one of the largest and most renowned hydrodynamic and ocean engineering research facilities in the nation. Pioneering marine hydrodynamic studies in both physical modeling and computer simulation of marine craft designs (ranging from high-speed planning boats to submarines) have contributed to the Laboratory’s international reputation. The primary research facilities are two unique wave tanks. The first is a high-speed towing tank with a length of 320 feet, width of 16 feet, and a variable water depth of up to 8 feet a result of a recently completed a major renovation. A monorail-supported cable-driven carriage is capable of speeds up to 100 ft/sec. The tank also contains a programmable wave maker capable of generating monochromatic and random wave fields, as well as several types of wave spectra. Shallow water conditions can be simulated in the tank with the installation of an adjustable slope false bottom. Nearshore beach conditions are studied by placing 40 tons of quartz sand on a 65-foot-long, 1-on-20 sloping false bottom. The tank’s improved instrumentation, glass walls for viewing and photography, and public access improvements further enhance the Laboratory’s contributions to fundamental and applied research in ship design, hydrodynamics and ocean engineering. The second tank is a rotating arm and oblique-sea basin, with dimensions of 75-feet-long by 75-feet-wide and a variable water depth of up to five feet. The facility has been designated an International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark, one of only two of its kind in the nation and was featured in the February 1996 issue of Sea Technology.
The Marine Observation and Prediction Laboratory
The Marine Observation and Prediction Laboratory addresses the many challenges facing estuarine and coastal communities – including natural and man-made hazards by improving our ability to detect, understand, predict, and respond to changes to the marine environment. Estuarine and coastal field research is accomplished through the use of the Laboratory’s two research vessels. The newest is a 45-foot research vessel fully equipped for environmental studies in the Hudson estuary and adjacent coastal ocean. The vessel is powered by a 400hp Cummins 6 cylinder diesel engine with a 400 gallon fuel capacity. It cruises at 12 kt with a top speed of about 14 kt. Onboard capabilities include a full electronics suite including gps, radar, and chartplotter, a 50 gallon freshwater tank, berths for 3, and a 1500-pound capacity A-frame winch. Research instrumentation includes topographic and bathymetric surveying equipment, a CODAR high frequency radar system, Acoustic Doppler Current Meters, PUV meters, laser-based Suspended Sediment Particle-size Distribution Meters, and a Turner-design fluorometry system. The State of New Jersey funds the Laboratory to administer the New Jersey State Coastal Protection Technical Assistance Service (CPTAS), a unique resource created to both inform and counsel New Jersey citizens and government officials regarding coastal protection technology.
Modeling systems for estuarine and coastal ocean nowcasts and forecasts are being constantly refined to provide the most accurate realizations possible of the marine environment. The basis of the modeling systems is the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) and its shallow water derivative model, ECOMSED (Estuarine and Coastal Ocean Model with Sediment Transport). They are the central modeling component of the Laboratory’s New York Harbor Observing and Prediction System. NYHOPS is a real-time observation and forecasting system that provides continuous information regarding present ocean and weather conditions throughout the region and forecasts of conditions out to 48 hours. The real-time data and model forecasts are disseminated to the public via the Internet at www.stevens.edu/maritimeforecast.
Maritime Security Laboratory
Maritime Security Laboratory facilitates advances in methods and technologies relevant to maritime security. The Laboratory is designed to enable system-level experiments and data-driven modeling in the complex environment of an urban tidal estuary. The focus of the laboratory is on underwater threats and threats from small craft with hostile intent. The laboratory is constantly working to address future threats as they become identified. It has created and demonstrated a set of innovative sensing technologies and methodologies, and a set of complementary data integration and data distillation methodologies, which, when used together, show a high potential to reliably protect ships. Additional types of research prototype sensors, sensing systems, sensing methodologies, and refined detection enhancement methodologies are currently being modeled and experimentally tested. A laboratory infrastructure has been established in the Hudson River, connected to the Stevens campus in Hoboken. This laboratory infrastructure is being augmented with additional platforms in the water, including unmanned, underwater vehicle’s (UUV’s), and additional on-shore data integration and data distillation capabilities to support a wider range of sensing technologies, sensing systems, and detection-enhancement methodologies.
The Laboratory provides researchers, and others who may wish to use the laboratory, with a real-world testing environment and an infrastructure of in-the-water platforms, communication links, and information integration and distillation systems (computers, associated software-based processing algorithms, and stored data): that are being leveraged to quickly and easily try out new types of sensing technologies, sensing systems, and sensing /detection methodologies; including methodologies that combine multiple types of sensors and sensing systems.
Mass spectrometry, a rapidly advancing scientific discipline with tremendous employment potential, has far-reaching qualitative and quantitative applications in environmental, biological, biochemical, pharmacological, forensic, and geochemical fields.
As one of the best equipped academic facilities in the United States, the Center welcomes collaborative research projects from the Stevens community and from outside sources. Frontier-level research programs incorporate the efforts of those who would like to gain experience with mass spectrometry, as well as advanced-level researchers involved with the latest developments in the field. Our instruments are amenable to a wide variety of organic compounds, including proteins, peptides, amino acids, alkaloids, steroids, flavanoides, saccharides, lipids, nucleic acids, polymers, petroleum products, and organo-metallics. Our mass analyzers are based on time-of-flight and quadrupolar techniques. One of the new instruments featured in this center is a Q-TOF API-US mass spectrometer. This hybrid instrument incorporates two mass analyzers in tandem: a high performance quadrupole filter as the first stage and a orthogonal-acceleration time-of-flight analyzer with a mass resolving power of 17,500 as the second.
Another research facility is the Center for Product Life-Cycle Management (CPLM), a focal point for both information and technology on plastic products over their life-cycle: design, manufacture, use, and disposal. Working with industry and government, CPLM emphasizes the development of products and fabrication processes that reduce the potential for significant environmental problems and risk, and promote sustainable growth. CPLM’s activities include contract product and process research, engineering studies, educational and training programs, and technology transfer industrial extension services. The center uses three other facilities:
- The Blandford Water Quality Laboratory is equipped for all standard chemical and microbiological determinations used in the water and wastewater field. These include atomic absorption spectroscopy, gas chromatography, and high-performance liquid chromatography.
- The Waterfront Tower Facility, a ten-story, 3,000-square-foot tower, is used to conduct pilot-scale waste treatment and destruction technology development and testing. This unique facility can accommodate construction of very high treatment setups. Several pilot-scale setups are in operation, including a 40-foot-high steam-stripping parked column.
- The Research Vessel, Phoenix, is used for conducting pollution studies in estuarine and coastal waters. This 25-foot-long vessel has been equipped to perform dye tracer experiments, collect water quality samples, and obtain observations of water velocity, salinity, and temperature. The Phoenix is named after an early 19th-century steamboat constructed by the Stevens family.
CTMR conducts research on issues related to innovation and the management of technologies in a global context. Our mission is to develop concepts and frameworks to help executives address the challenges of a rapidly changing technology-based world. Research results are disseminated through publications, books, working papers, an annual conference, and sponsor forums. CTMR supports the Stevens Institute of Technology theme of Technogenesis — the educational frontier wherein faculty, students, and colleagues in industry jointly nurture the process of conception, design, and marketplace realization of new technologies.
The primary objective of the research performed in the Computer Vision Laboratory is to apply rigorous physical and mathematical principles towards image interpretation. The work performed in the lab is multidisciplinary, combining diverse academic disciplines, including physics, mathematics, engineering, and, above all, computer science. Some of the major thrusts in the lab include photometry, 3-D shape reconstruction, shape analysis, object recognition, and multispectral imaging.
The Laboratory offers students a hands-on experience with image capturing and processing equipment. A dedicated workstation is used mainly for the capture of still images and movies. The laboratory's electronically-tunable filter capable of fast, dense, multispectral imaging is unique among computer vision laboratories in academic institutions. The environmental conditions in the lab are strictly controlled. If needed, the lab can become a dark room. An optic table allows for the precise positioning of equipment. A collection of optical components allows for experimentation with enhanced image capture. The lab has its own server and multiple Unix workstations for storing, processing, and analyzing images.
The Consortium for Corporate Entrepreneurship (http://www.ceconsortium.org) continues to focus its research in three areas: optimizing the front end of innovation, approaches, and organizational structures for getting to breakthroughs and knowledge creation and knowledge flow in the front-end.
Through its mission statement - to better understand the front-end of innovation in order to increase the number, speed, and success probability of highly profitable products entering development - the Consortium offers a collaborative environment, where academia and industry are dedicated to the discovery portion of the front-end leading to breakthrough innovation.
Although these are topics of growing interest within the corporate creative community, little has previously been established. In a world of rapidly evolving technologies, the success of interdependent relationships spawned between creator-innovators and their corporate environments is based on an increasingly synchronized set of events. The Consortium and its industry sponsors seek to recognize behaviors and activities that can be applied as powerful tools in enhancing creativity, productivity, and profitability. Industry sponsors include: ExxonMobil; Ethicon, a Johnson & Johnson Franchise; and Aventis.
The Design & Manufacturing Institute (DMI) (http://www.dmi.stevens-tech.edu/index.php) is an interdisciplinary center integrating materials processing, product design, and manufacturing expertise with simulation and modeling utilizing state-of-the-art computer software technology. Located in the historic Carnegie Laboratory, DMI bridges the gap between academic- and application-oriented research and development. DMI partners with industry and government to create practical solutions to product-design challenges that address cost, performance, and producibility across the product life-cycle. DMI’s expertise spans processing studies and modeling, competitive product development; multi-component, multi-process system design and optimization; life-cycle analysis; material characterization and testing; and rapid prototyping and manufacturing.
Building on more than a decade of experience in cutting-edge product design solutions, the Design & Manufacturing Institute continues to lead in developing "next generation" solutions to today’s challenges of product development. DMI’s expertise in manufacturing processes and knowledge-based software is epitomized in its Automated Concurrent Engineering Software (ACES) system and methodology development. The ACES system offers product designers performance and process modeling and life-cycle optimization for multi-component, multi-process systems. In its continuous refinement of "next generation" product development methodologies and tools, such as ACES, DMI is engineering the future of polymer- and metals-based products.
DMI has particular expertise with polymers and composites, and maintains extensive modeling capabilities and databases on materials, processing, tooling, and machinery. The Learning Factory at DMI, a 6,000-square-foot facility, provides a computer-controlled, state-of-the-art manufacturing environment. It offers industry representatives and students the research, testing, and training for product design and testing, materials characterization, rapid prototyping, and production. Part of DMI is the Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, which contains industrial scale NC machines with CAD/CAM software.
Laboratory facilities in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering are used for course-related teaching and special problems, design projects, and research. Students are exposed to a range of practical problems in laboratory assignments. Research laboratories are also heavily involved in both undergraduate and graduate education.
- Center for Intelligent Networked Systems (iNetS)
A significant portion of the ECE research program is delivered through the Center for Intelligent Networked Systems (iNetS), an Institute center advancing the principles and practices of future generation networked systems. INetS seeks to endow networked systems with the intelligence to provide a foundation for future networked systems to advance the objectives of performance, security, and interoperability.
The ECE Department also provides a number of thematic laboratories focused on specific research topics. These laboratories, summarized below, support the broad themes of wireless systems, multimedia systems, information systems, and mobile platforms, such as autonomous robots.
- Embedded Systems Laboratories
Embedded systems draw upon topics from electrical engineering, computer engineering, and computer science to create intelligent systems integrating principles of hardware/software co-design, analog/digital hardware co-design (mixed signal techniques), real-time operating systems, and programmable computational components (microprocessors, digital signal processors, etc.). The Embedded Systems and Robotics Lab, the Automation Lab and the Reconfigurable Intelligent Systems Lab explore the design and realization principles of embedded systems, including extension to representative applications, such as autonomous robots.
- Wireless Systems Laboratories
The Wireless Information Systems Engineering Lab, the Wireless Research Lab, and the Wireless Networks Lab highlight the design and engineering of advanced wireless systems, including cellular and PCS telephony, wireless LANs, satellite communications, and application-specific wireless links. Research includes the application of advanced signal processing algorithms and technologies to wireless communication systems. A major motivation of wireless communications is the elimination of a physical wire connected to the user's system. In the case of computer communications (e.g., LAN and modem capabilities), the transition to wireless connections allows the realization of true "any place" connectivity to data communications services.
- Signal Processing and Communications Laboratory
Communication systems rely on extensive signal processing, in preparation for their transmission, to correct for distortions of the signal during transmission and to extract the original signal from the received signal. Digital signal processing is an important enabler of contemporary communication systems, providing the flexibility and reliability of computational algorithms to provide a wide variety of operations on signals. The Signal Processing and Communications Laboratories focus on advances in the underlying principles of signal processing and on the application of signal processing to contemporary communication systems.
- Image Processing & Multimedia Laboratories
The high computing power and large data storage capabilities of contemporary computer systems, along with the high data rates of today's networks, have made practical many sophisticated techniques used for 2- and 3-dimensional images and video. The Visual Information Environments Lab highlights advances in the underlying image processing and computer vision algorithms that serve as foundations for a wide range of applications. Related to these visual environments is the general area of multimedia, combining visual, audio, and other sensory information within an integrated framework. The Multimedia Systems Networking and Communications Lab explores the several issues related to reliable and secure communications of multimedia information across networks. Themes related to secure information are also explored.
- Secure Network Systems Design Laboratory
Today's extensive use of electronic information systems (including data networks, data storage systems, digital computers, etc.) has revolutionized both commercial and personal access to information and exchange of information. However, serious issues appear in the security of information, assurance of the end user's identity, protection of the information system, etc. The Secure Network Systems Design Laboratory provides both physical testbeds and computer systems/resources for exploration of this broad issue.
The Engineered Materials Laboratory focuses on the design and manufacturing aspects of high-performance composite materials. Current project thrusts include development and validation of a multi-physics composite manufacturing simulation system, studies on process-induced residual stresses, and composites behavior in thermally-aggressive environments. The laboratory features a two-axis filament winder, an instrumented resin transfer mold, and a robotic lamination system.
The Highly Filled Materials Institute (HFMI) (http://www.hfmi.stevens.edu/) was established at Stevens Institute of Technology in 1989 to investigate, both experimentally and theoretically, the rheological behavior, microstructure, processability, and ultimate properties of highly filled materials, including concentrated suspensions and dispersions of generally polymeric liquids incorporated with rigid particles at concentrations which aim to approach the maximum packing fraction of the solid phase.
Highly filled materials are encountered in various industries related to life sciences, personal care products, intermediary and final food products, batteries, polymeric master-batches and compounds, construction products, energetics, composites, magnetics, and ceramics.
The focus of the Center has broadened considerably over the years and encompasses the synthesis, compounding, characterization, simulation, and processing of myriad complex fluids including biodegradable polymers, nanosuspensions, gels/hydrogels, vesicular surfactants and other structured fluids.
One of the current major focus areas of HFMI is in the development of biomaterials, especially biodegradable scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, and constructs for controlled drug release. For example, HFMI has developed a number of novel methods to precisely fabricate three-dimensional functionally graded scaffolds which allow changes in composition, porosity, mechanical properties and biodegradation rates to vary as a function of location in the scaffold. HFMI has also developed a hybrid process which has merged twin screw extrusion with electrospinning to allow the generation of nanofibers with tailored nanoparticle concentration profiles. The long-term areas of research include the understanding of the wall slip behavior, development of flow instabilities, inverse problem solutions for parameter determination, mathematical modeling using analytical and numerical methods and processing of complex fluids, especially viscoplastic fluids subject to wall slip.
HFMI has carried out over 120 grants and contracts for companies and Government organizations. This high level of funding activity keeps HFMI in close contact with multiple industries concomitantly and allows HFMI to better define its research goals. An industrial advisory board guides HFMI in carrying out short- and long-term contract research for government agencies and corporations. Sponsored research is carried out by the professional staff of HFMI along with research assistants.
Furthermore, HFMI carries out PhD level research through the collaborative supervision mechanisms established by Professors Kalyon, Fisher, Yu, Wang and Ritter.
The facilities of HFMI are furnished with state-of-the-art equipment, including a mini-supercomputer and graphic workstations for numerical simulation; industrial-size continuous and batch processors, including co-rotating and counter-rotating twin screw extruders; shear and extensional rheometers; computerized data acquisition and process control systems; differential scanning calorimetry; thermogravimetric analysis; and equipment for characterization of microstructural distributions, magnetic and electrical properties, wettability, and image analysis. The proprietary technologies of HFMI include magnetic shielding methods, on-line rheometry, disposal methods for chemical munitions, X-ray based quantitative degree of mixedness and particle-size distribution analysis techniques, and three-dimensional FEM-based source codes for simulation of EMF mitigation, extrusion, molding, and die flows.
The Howe School Alliance for Technology Management is a collaboration between business, government, and academia which helps its partner organizations to better manage technology for strategic advantage. It has been transferring best practices through seminars, conferences, roundtable meetings, and publications since 1991. Partners have the opportunity to exchange ideas in a collegial environment with faculty of the Howe School of Technology Management and with a network of people in other organizations dealing with similar issues.
The Alliance deals with a very diverse group of issues under the broad umbrella of technology management. Topics that have been addressed include innovation as an ongoing strategy, business process redesign, achieving radical breakthroughs, intellectual property management, processes for product conception, project selection, metrics for measuring research and development effectiveness, research and development portfolio management, knowledge management, managing innovation, project management, new product team performance, and outsourcing of technology development.
Current Alliance Partners are AT&T; Infineum; ISO; Lucent Technologies; Teknor Apex; the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Center; and the U.S. Navy Strategic Systems Program. Through its educational programs, its research, and its effective transfer of management practices, the Howe School Alliance has helped numerous organizations and has contributed to the professional development of thousands of technology professionals and executives over a 15-year period.
Information Technology (http://www.stevens.edu/it/) supports academic and administrative computing systems, instructional technology, campus networking and telecommunication facilities, Web servers, and many computing and networking resources located throughout the campus. Infrastructure server services are based on multi-vendor UNIX platforms and Microsoft Windows.
An extensive network supports communications from all academic and administrative buildings and residence halls to all systems. Over 6,500 nodes are supported on the campus network with access speeds of up to 100Mbps and core network speeds of 1GBps. Off-campus connectivity to the Internet and Internet2 is provided by a high-speed 100MBps (OC3) circuit. A wireless network provides access to the campus network and the Internet from locations around the campus. Remote access to the campus network is supported by a dial-in modem pool, as well as VPNs. With a high level of connectivity and advanced functionality accessible from on- and off-campus locations, our network has been recognized as an award-winning model environment for other academic institutions and commercial organizations.
A PC laboratory operated by Information Technology is available to support access for members of the campus community seven days a week, except holidays. It includes a large cluster of personal computers, printers, a scanner, and wired and wireless access to the campus network. Additional computer labs are maintained by some academic departments to meet their needs.
Information Technology provides a variety of services. The User Services staff assists users by providing a staffed help desk, training seminars and workshops, documentation, timely news updates, and advice on systems access and usage. The staff coordinates a seminar series intended to aid in the use of networked resources. Users may request individual or departmental assistance in planning, implementing, and using information resources, as well as help with general system information, connecting to and interacting with the network, using workstations, and accessing the Internet resources.
Information Technology assists members of the community in evaluating, acquiring, and supporting networked resources. This includes help in planning new facilities, implementing new technologies, and establishing support programs. The Networking Staff assists users and departments in designing and implementing local area networks, network expansion plans, and network applications. User assistance can be obtained by calling (201) 216-5500. Help in purchasing computers can be obtained by calling (201) 216-5108.
The staff of Information Technology has a long-standing tradition of close cooperation with students. Undergraduate and graduate students are employed as part-time user (help desk) consultants, residence hall technical assistants, personal computer lab assistants, and network support technicians. All of these students work closely with the Information Technology staff, gaining valuable practical experience while pursuing their degrees.
The Keck Geoenvironmental Engineering Laboratory is a fully-equipped new facility for state-of-the-art computer automated geotechnical, as well as environmental, testing of soil and water media. Some of the major equipment available includes: X-ray diffraction capabilities for mineralogical characterizations; scanning electron microscope for surface morphological studies; zeta potential meter for solid surface charge analyses; integrated wet chemistry facilities to accommodate any type of physicochemical and environmental soil testing, such as particle and pore size distribution, surface area, cation exchange capacity, batch and sequential extraction, oxide content, consolidation, triaxial and direct shear strength testing, flexible and rigid wall permeameters, and CBRs; durability chambers for simulating environmental stresses, such as freeze and thaw, wetting and drying, salt fog and acid rain exposure, as well as other accelerated weathering field conditions; and full sample collection and specimen preparation set-ups.
Some of our current studies involve: testing for the environmental and engineering properties of fly ash, incinerator ash, and other industrial waste-by-product materials to evaluate their use in construction applications; evaluate the properties of dredged materials for reuse in transportation projects; treatment and management of hazardous wastes, focusing on heavy metal and petroleum hydrocarbon immobilization in geoenvironments; study of the fate and transport of contaminants in the subsurface; surface enhancement of currently used industrial wastewater filtration media; development of leaching protocols; etc.
The Laboratory's mission is to pioneer new technologies for high-assurance and secure systems and prototype tools that can provide guarantees that a system will not exhibit unpredictable behavior in a hostile environment. The objective is to consolidate and organize research and tool-building efforts already underway at Stevens. The Lab is funded by grants from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology, the National Science Foundation, and the Stevens Institute of Technology Technogenesis Fund. The facilities of the Lab include several desktop machines, PDAs with wireless Ethernet, and Bluetooth devices for experimentation. The Lab is affiliated with the New Jersey Institute for Trustworthy Enterprise Software.
Part of the research work is focused on building better trust models for components. Some of this work is using static analysis techniques to check access control and information flow properties for untrusted components. There is also work on pushing type safety from high-level languages down to the assembly language level and, in the process, checking properties of heap space usage. Other work has been on type systems for dynamic linking and "hot" updates of program libraries at run-time.
Another thrust of the work in the Lab has been in network security, particularly for wireless networks. Work continues on attacks that can be mounted on ad hoc wireless networks and in the design of new authentication and key establishment protocols that can be used to improve the security of wireless communication in general. Recent work has also looked at type-based approaches to cryptography to specify and ensure trustworthiness guarantees for communication channels.
A new area of research at the Lab is the study of secure electronic transactions, such as banking operations or voting. The work consists of using secure patterns of communication described using type-systems to detect unauthorized modification of data between trusted communicating parties.
The Lab has a seminar series where guests from industry and academia, as well as members of the Stevens community, present recent advances in all areas of computer security.
Today, educating engineers, scientists, and managers requires more than traditional laboratory facilities. The Lawrence Schacht Management Laboratory provides facilities to learn and practice business skills in realistic environments: to learn the art and science of making effective presentations, to understand and improve interpersonal and organizational skills, to develop the computational skills needed in today’s competitive world, and to conduct research in management and technology management.
The laboratory is composed of a seminar room and five conference rooms, a computation laboratory, and a networking and video control center. Video cameras and screens in each of the conference rooms can be operated and controlled remotely from the control center. Network and video connections are installed throughout the laboratory, enabling laboratory activities to combine the use of audio, video, and computing techniques.
These facilities are well-suited for use in many academic programs. For example, students practice presentation skills in the seminar room, and undergraduate and graduate students simulate a variety of managerial situations in the conference rooms as they learn the dynamics of small groups. Exercises can be monitored and videotaped by an experienced manager who may both intervene in the process and guide it, or offer criticism and feedback immediately after its conclusion.
In addition to providing students with valuable educational experiences, the laboratory is used in management and other small-group research. The laboratory is designed to accommodate controlled experimentation on managerial functions and processes. Our ultimate goal in management research is to understand the managing mechanism as it relates to individuals involved, their organization, and the community at large.
The computing center portion of the laboratory includes thirty advanced personal computers, all connected to the campus-wide network. The equipment supplements the training of management students by allowing them access to, and training them in the use of, fully-supported analytical tools in accounting, statistics, and simulations. From the Schacht Lab computers, students can access and use the worldwide capabilities available through the Internet on their projects and assignments.
The Materials/Structures Laboratory is equipped for state-of-the-art materials testing. Equipment includes a universal 400,000 lb. compression/200,000 lb. tension testing machine, a computerized data acquisition system, beam loading frame; freeze-thaw testing apparatus, Versa test compression machine, high-pressure flexible wall permeameters, and environmental testing chambers. Current studies include high-strength concrete, fiber-reinforced concrete, use of by-products in concrete production, and durability of materials in construction.
- Alfred W. Fielding Computer-Aided Design Laboratory
This laboratory contains a number of high-speed workstations and peripherals serviced via local area networks. The installed software includes the general purpose CAD/CAM package Pro-Engineer and Solid Works, as well as finite element codes ABAQUS, ALGOR, ANSYS, and Pro-Mechanica. Also installed are several special purpose design, analysis, and educational packages.
- Clean Air Vehicle Facility
The Clean Air Vehicle Facility focuses on methods to reduce automotive pollutant emissions. The laboratory houses a 50 hp single-axle chassis dynamometer and a 1000 hp engine dynamometer with fully-computerized instrumentation. The emission sampling and analysis systems permit accurate determination of CO, CO2, Ox, NOx, total hydrocarbons, methane, and non-methane hydrocarbons in raw or constant-volume sampled exhaust.
- Fluid Mechanics Laboratory
This laboratory includes a low-noise subsonic wind tunnel with several custom-fabricated test sections, a pump performance test-rig; a blower and internal-flow test-rig; a hydraulic bench; and experimental set-ups for flow metering, force of a jet, and dimensional-analysis/similitude. The laboratory is fully networked and includes space to support undergraduate and graduate design and research projects in aerodynamics and hydraulics with modern flow instrumentation and computer-aided data acquisition systems.
- Kenneth A. Roe Senior Design Laboratory
This facility provides work space and support (instrumentation, tools, etc.) for the design, construction, and testing of capstone design projects in Mechanical Engineering. The laboratory serves as a base for all the senior design teams. It has workbenches for at least ten design teams to build and assemble prototypes.
- Mechanical Systems Laboratory
This laboratory houses 10 experimental set-ups in mechanisms, machine systems, and robotics, including apparati for experiments on vibrations of machine systems (natural response, step response, frequency response, resonance, etc.), gear mechanisms (train value, rigid vs. flexible machine, etc.), and balancing of rotors, as well as the experiments with various displacement sensors to measure beam deflection and calculate beam stiffness, to measure backlash existing in mechanical joints and motion system, and to measure motion errors in mechanical systems of various components. Several educational robot manipulators and Lego-based mobile platforms are included.
- Metal Forming Laboratory (MFL)
This laboratory focuses on advancing the state-of-the-art in computer modeling of thermo-mechanical processing of metals. The results of the computer simulations are verified using experimental techniques. The manufacturing processes investigated include forging, rolling, extrusion, and stamping. Recent projects explored the microstructure changes in metals during the hot forging of aerospace components, whereby the resulting grain size is predicted as a function of the processing parameters using heuristic models and numerical approaches on multiple length scales.
- MicroDevice Laboratory
The MicroDevice Laboratory (MDL) is a class 100 clean room housed in the Design and Manufacturing Institute at Stevens. The MDL houses a variety of state-of-the-art research equipment for nano- and microdevice research and development, including software and simulation tools necessary for initial microdevice design and analysis, photolithography and etch/deposition capabilities for device fabrication, and various tools and instrumentation for device characterization and testing. Major equipment available within the facility includes: SF-100 Auto Stage (Maskless Lithography System), Spin Coater (Laurell), Spin Rinse Drier (STI), Chemical-mechanical polishing, Microscope, Probe Station (Signatone), Thin Film Measurement (Prometrix), and a Pacific Nanotechnologies Nano-R2 Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). Two recent National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation grants have provided additional capabilities: a state-of-the-art SAMCO RIE-101iPH inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching system will provide the capability to anisotropically etch all types of semiconducting, insulating and metallic films, while a Zyvex KZ100 system with dedicated FEI XL-40 scanning electron microscope (SEM) will enable unparalleled in situ nanomanipulation and nanocharacterization capabilities.
- Nanomechanics and Nanomaterials Laboratory
This laboratory studies the behavior of advanced material systems at the nanoscale, including polymers and polymer nanocomposites and thin film and piezoelectric materials of interest in MEMS applications. Current research efforts include micro/nanomechanics, processing-structure-properties of polymer nanocomposites, and piezoelectric approaches for energy harvesting applications. A TA Instruments RSA III Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer enables time-, frequency-, and temperature-dependent mechanical characterization at temperatures from –150°C to 600 C. High-resolution force detection is performed by a patented force rebalance transducer with a range of 0.01 to 35 N. Specialty fixtures allow a variety of testing configurations, including film and fiber tension, clamped bending, parallel plate compression, and an immersion tension clamp allowing mechanical testing in a liquid medium.
- Nano and Microfluidics Laboratory
Multi-disciplinary research studies are conducted in this laboratory including: 1) Nano-Patterning and Nanofabrication, 2) Multi-Scale (Nano-, Micro-, to Macro-Scale) Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, 3) Integrated Optofluidic Devices, and 4) Cell-Material Interactions. The laboratory is equipped with a Lloyd-mirror laser interference lithography system capable of large-area nano-patterning (up to 6”´6”) with superior pattern control (well-ordered grate and post patterns of microns to 200 nm in periodicity), which is operated in a modular cleanroom (Class 10,000, 8’´12’´8’). The laboratory also has the apparatus necessary for various surface property characterizations and testing, including a custom-made condensing/icing environmental chamber, an inverted microscope, a CCD camera, a plasma cleaner, and ductless fume hood.
- Nano/Micro Structures and Devices Engineering Laboratory
This laboratory exploits 1) fundamentals and applications of nanoelectronics devices for memory, navigation, energy conversion, and sensing, 2) registered, high-throughput assembly process for nanomaterials, and 3) high-performance piezoelectric devices. The laboratory is equipped with a galvanostat/potentiostat with an electroplating station, a chemical vapor deposition system, a digital microscope (Hirox), a thermal evaporator (shared), a pulsed laser deposition system with Nd:YAG laser (wavelength: 355nm) attached with a vacuum chamber, hot plates, electrical measurement tools (spectrum analyzer, signal generator, digital scope, programmable power supply, source meter instrument), and two wet benches with a fume hood.
- Noise and Vibration Control Laboratory
Research activities in the areas of engineering acoustics, vibrations, and noise control are conducted in this laboratory. The laboratory has an anechoic chamber with internal dimensions of 4.52 m x 5.44 m x 2.45 m. In addition, the Laboratory houses sophisticated instrumentation, such as multi-channel signal analyzer and sound and vibration transducers, transducers with adapters for mounting to a robot end effector, and a number of grippers designed and constructed by students.
- Precision Engineering Laboratory
The facility focuses on advancing the state-of-the-art in the areas of precision machine design, precision robot design, and precision manufacturing. Nano-precision sensors and actuators, as well as precision coordinate measuring machines, provide powerful tools for research, development, and education. Current experimental studies include the development of an innovative diamond wheel sharpening process at high-speed, a six degree-of-freedom robotic measuring system, precision industrial robot design and performance evaluation techniques, service robots, and ultra-precision fine-position systems for industrial robots.
- Multi-Scale Robotics and Automation Laboratory (MSRAL)
The MSRAL peforms cutting-edge research on robotic and automation systems at various length scales: macro-scale (cm to m), meso-scale (~100's of um to a few mm's), micro-scale (10's of um to 100's of um), and nano-scale (nm). Reaseach areas of focus are multi-scale robotic manipulation and assembly tasks, bio-nano robotics, mechatronics, robotic system integration, medical robotics and devices, MEMS device design and fabrication to aid in robotics and automation tasks, and automation for the life sciences. The Robotics Education Laboratory includes 8 mobile robot platforms consisting of iRobot Create robots, wireless internet cameras, Bluetooth communication radios, and control PC's. A Matlab-based control architecture is used for autonomous robot control via a USB Bluetooth radio while real-time images are streamed from an ad-hoc wireless camera network. The lab also houses two Intelitek SCOREBOT 4PC articulated robot manipulators, an industrial PUMA robot manipulator and associated controllers and two SensAble Technology PHANTOM Omni Haptic devices for robot teleoperation. This allows users to touch and manipulate both real and virtual objects. Four Bioloid Comprehensive Robot Kits also reside in the Robotics Education Lab. Each is a modular robotics system that is a combination of smart actuators, a flexible construction system, and a graphical programming software interface. It can be used to create many different kinds of robots, from humanoid bipeds, to kinematic chains, to multi-legged walkers, to wheeled vehicles. There are also sensor-equipped, digitally controlled servo motors included in the kits, allowing for closed loop control of the robots. A robotic playpen area (16' x 16' = 256 sq ft) in the lab allows for mobile robot testing and experimentation in both structured and unstructured environments by the addition/removal of man-made obstacles and terrains.
- Thermal Engineering Laboratory
This laboratory includes a single-cylinder, 9-hp, water-cooled diesel engine, a two-stage, 10 hp, air compressor with inter-cooling ; a hot water furnace experimental set-up instrumented with a computer-assisted data acquisition system; and an educational version of a vapor-compression refrigeration/heat pump cycle. Modern emissions testing equipment and computer-aided data acquisition systems are available for use.
The New Jersey Center for MicroChemical Systems was recently established under the auspices of the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology and with grants from several major federal government agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Energy and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). NJCMCS exemplifies the Stevens approach to doctoral education - students, faculty, and industrial partners work closely together, sharing ideas and nurturing technology from innovation to implementation.
NJCMCS uses a systems approach to design, manipulate, and control chemical reaction and separation processes that occur in micro-volume environments. This research area includes a broad range of new technologies, such as microfluidic biochips for drug discovery, combinatorial catalyst evaluation, micro-reactor systems for on-demand production of industrial chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and micro-power systems. The Center's vision is to become a global leader in developing innovative micro-kinetic test and design methodologies for rapid microchemical systems development, demonstration, and commercialization. In partnership with industry and government, the Center develops microchemical systems that can be used in miniature power devices, in on-demand chemical production facilities, and in biomedical devices.
Members of the Computer Science Department hold a large grant from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology (NJCS&T), focused on research in software engineering aspects of networks and distributed programming. This grant is held jointly with New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
The New Jersey Center for Software Engineering (NJCSE) was founded in mid-2000 as the corporate outreach (technology transfer) arm of this research activity. NJCSE is based at Stevens.
Academic institutions affiliated with NJCSE are Stevens Institute of Technology, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Rutgers University in New Brunswick, and Monmouth University.
NJCSE activities include regular technical meetings with Stevens, Rutgers, and NJIT researchers, and industry representatives. Other activities include a Student Project Showcase and a Career Opportunities Program. As of January 1, 2001, Industry Affiliates included Avaya, Telcordia, Rational, and IBM. NJCSE offers companies state-of-the-art technical programs and early access to some of the best CS graduates in New Jersey.
The New Jersey Institute for Trustworthy Enterprise Software was established by a grant from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology. The focus of the Institute is on improving the trustworthiness, reliability, and security of enterprise software, particularly for distributed and Internet applications. The Institute comprises partners at Stevens, Rutgers University, and New Jersey Institute of Technology. It is based at Stevens and is involved in the following research: secure electronic business, reliable Internet programming, safe components and componential programming, document processing, software design processes, and Web engineering. The Institute is affiliated with the Laboratory for Secure Systems and the Software Engineering Laboratory, and has sponsored several research symposia in Trustworthy Software and CyberSecurity, held at Stevens.
Stevens is a member of the consortium which was established to provide resources for the conduct of marine science and engineering research in New Jersey coastal waters. The consortium maintains three research vessels, ranging from 25 to 60 feet in length, together with an extensive suite of oceanographic instrumentation, which is available for use by Stevens faculty and students. In addition, the consortium operates field stations at Sandy Hook and Seaville, NJ. Finally, the consortium serves as a focal point for bringing together diverse specialists to attack substantial interdisciplinary problems in the marine environment. Our faculty and students have participated in several large studies undertaken by the consortium.
Research is conducted in this laboratory on optical communication systems and components with computer-assisted electronic and optical instrumentation. The properties of single-mode optical fibers, Er-doped optical fiber amplifiers, wideband optical transmitters and receivers, external cavity tunable semiconductor lasers, single-frequency laser diodes, and fiber optic sensors are studied and tested using fast-pulsed lasers, signal synthesizers, spectrum analyzers, spectrometers, and a wide variety of optical instruments. The effects of cabling and temperature on the propagation of optical signals are investigated. Ultra-high frequency fiber optic communication systems are being designed and tested for use in telecommunications and video leaks.
The Physics and Engineering Physics facilities include the following:
- Center for Controlled Quantum Systems
The Center for Controlled Quantum Systems (CCQS) is a cross-disciplinary research center involving collaborations between multiple research groups focusing on one of the last challenges in research: controlling (and thereby employing for future application) the quantum system. New waves of technologies are normally connected to breakthroughs in research which allowed for greater control of nature and opened up ways to harness the newfound potential. Today's limit of control is mostly based on the quantum mechanical nature, and while physicists have explored quantum mechanical phenomena of quantum systems like atoms, molecules, and the solid state for decades, only a few have tried to control the dynamics of these systems in real time.
One of the main directions of the center is based on optical techniques to control quantum systems. The advent of ultrafast lasers and laser cooling techniques in recent years has finally opened up the possibility of controlling quantum dynamics. This can be achieved using ultrafast femtosecond lasers to either probe the systems on time scales much shorter than the time scale for which quantum mechanical phase coherence is maintained, or by directly manipulating the environmental sources that destroy phase coherence. By contrast, laser cooling and trapping techniques can be used to create systems with temperatures so low and well isolated from their surrounding environment that phase coherence times can be increased by many orders of magnitude. The ability to precisely control the phase and amplitude of laser pulses provides a high degree of customization in their interaction with matter.
The work in this center will contribute to and direct the development of new quantum mechanics-based technologies, such as quantum computers, new types of solid state and interferometric sensors, and light sources with customizable photon statistics and coherence properties. A unique characteristic of this center is the close collaboration between theoretical and experimental groups. This provides the opportunity for students to gain both theoretical and experimental research experience working on the same project.
- NanoPhotonics Laboratory - Prof. S. Strauf
Research in the NanoPhotonics Lab focuses on novel functional materials like photonic crystals, semiconductor quantum dots, and carbon nanotubes. They offer both rich opportunities for fundamental research of light-matter interaction at the nanoscale and new routes for semiconductor device applications in optical information processing. Topics include ultra-low threshold nanolasers, non-classical light sources for quantum cryptography, nanoplasmonic converters, and, furthermore, bio-functionalyzed photonic devices like biomolecule sensors and light-harvesting hybrid solar cells. As a long term goal, we are seeking to combine these devices on a chip in order to create optical circuits which will ultimately replace our existing electronic chips, since they have unprecedented functionality, orders of magnitude higher bandwidth, and yet unforeseen abilities.
- Ultrafast Dynamics and Control Theory Group - Prof. S. Malinovskaya
Understanding of ultrafast molecular dynamics induced by intense laser pulses, and development of laser control methods to manipulate with quantum systems; theory of coherent stimulated Raman scattering (CSRS) and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy and microscopy in application to noninvasive biological imaging and investigation of ultrafast dynamics of biological systems on real-time scale; and the design of new quantum control methods including ultrafast optical pulse sculpting and coupling it to other advanced techniques, such as adaptive learning algorithms. We investigate (1) the possibility of selective excitation of predetermined vibrations in chemical and biological systems, (2) dissociation of small molecules following core-electron excitation that requires x-ray photon energies, and (3) photoinduced reactions in large molecules, e.g., photoisomerization in the rhodopsin molecule, a key intermediate in the vision process.
- Theoretical Quantum and Matter Wave Optics - Prof. C. P. Search Theoretical investigations into the dynamical properties of atomic and molecular Bose-Einstein condensates and quantum degenerate Fermi gases. Particular areas of interest include nonlinear wave-mixing of matter waves, quantum statistics and coherence properties of bosonic and fermionic matter waves, atomic recoil effects in the interaction between light and ultracold atoms, atom-molecule conversion via Feshbach resonances, and photoassociation and phase sensitivity in atom interferometers. Applications include precision interferometers for inertial navigation, gravity gradiometers for geophysical prospecting, and matter wave lithography. Other areas of interest include open quantum systems, control of environmental decoherence, and cavity quantum electrodynamics.
- Ultrafast Laser Spectroscopy and Communication Laboratory - Prof. R. Martini (WWW.FEMTOLAB.US)
The realization of ultrahigh-speed communication networks at and above Terahertz (THz) bandwidth is one of today's most challenging problems, as the limiting factors are given by fundamental physical properties and laws. To overcome the restrictions, new concepts and materials have to be invented and utilized. In this laboratory, we investigate the high-speed response of new lasers and materials, as well as passive and active optical systems using ultrashort laser pulses (<100fs) to develop towards higher speed networks. In addition to this, the ultrashort laser techniques in this laboratory enable us to apply many different measurement techniques, accessing the world of the "ultrafast." Time-resolved Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy setup, for example, gives us the unique ability to measure optical, as well as electrical, properties in this ultrahigh-speed frequency region and use it for new and fascinating applications in this new "frequency world."
- Quantum Information Science and Technology Group - Prof. T. Yu
The aims of quantum information science are the study of how to use entanglement as a fundamental resource for applications in various information processing tasks such as quantum secure communication and quantum computation. Quantum information is also important to provide a deeper understanding of quantum many-body physics and quantum foundation. Research in this group focuses on theory and implementation of quantum information science in the domains of quantum optics and mesoscopic physics. Major research interests include entanglement dynamics and decoherence of small systems; quantum Monte Carlo simulations; continuous quantum measurement; quantum cryptography; quantum feedback control; quantum phase transition and topological quantum computation.
- Quantum Electron Physics and Technology - Prof. N. J. M. Horing
Quantum field theory of many-body systems; nonequilibrium and thermal Green's function methods in solid state and semiconductor physics and response properties; open quantum systems; nonequilibrium fluctuations; surface interactions; quantum plasma; high magnetic field phenomena; low dimensional systems; dynamic, nonlocal dielectric properties, and collective modes in quantum wells, wires, dots, and superlattices; nanostructure electrodynamics and optical properties; nonlinear quantum transport theory; magnetotransport, miniband transport, hot electrons, and hot phonons in submicron devices; mesoscopic systems; spintronics; relaxation and decoherence in semiconductor nanostructures; nanoelectrical mechanical systems (NEMS); and device analysis for quantum computations.
Experimental techniques to address the nanoworld include: Home-Build Scanning Probe Micro-Spectroscopy (SPMS), Atomic-Force Microscopy (AFM), Quantum Optics, Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (HBT), Time-Correlated Photon Counting (TCPC), Interferometry, Cryogenics (4K), Tunable and Short-Pulse Lasers, Novel Nanoprobes (SNOM, piezo-driven tapered fiber tips, and plasmonic near-field tips), Photoluminescence (PL and PLE) and Raman Spectroscopy, Surface Chemistry, Self-assembling of Molecular Layers and Colloidal Quantum Dots, Ellipsometry, Polarimetry, Photon Tomography, and Electrical Testing (Photocurrent and IV-Curves).
- Light and Life Laboratory - Prof. K. Stamnes
Atmospheric/Space Research, including satellite remote sensing of the environment; measurements of broadband and spectral radiation, including solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation; inference of cloud and stratospheric ozone effects on UV exposure; numerical modeling of geophysical phenomena and comparison with measurements; and study of radiation transport in turbid media, such as the atmosphere-ocean system and biological tissue.
- Photonics Science and Technology Lab - Prof. E. A. Whittaker
The theme of this laboratory is the development and application of laser-based methods for remote sensing, chemical analysis, and optical communications. Techniques used include frequency modulation spectroscopy, laser vibrometry, and free space optical communications. The laboratory is equipped with a wide range of laser sources and detectors, high-frequency electronic test equipment, computer-controlled measurement systems, and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer.
Our goal is to understand the interfacial properties of water-soluble polymers and principles of macromolecular assembly at interfaces, and to apply this knowledge to produce surfaces with desired properties, such as control of protein and/or nanoparticle attachment, or designed environmental response of surface films.
Our research is interdisciplinary and presents a combination of physico-chemical and synthetic ideas involving water-soluble polymers. The expected applications of results, such as the design of drug delivery systems, also classify it as biomaterials research. Students with diverse backgrounds — in chemistry, physics, and materials science — work together and form a stimulating environment in the group.
- Service Philosophy
The S. C. Williams Library offers just-in-time service tailored to the needs of Stevens faculty, students, and staff. This model maximizes use of Library materials and serves individual information needs.
Using networked computers, students, faculty, and staff can access bibliographic and full-text databases to locate references to millions of books, articles, patents, theses, conference proceedings, technical reports, and statistics. The databases are available 24 hours a day.
- Information Services
Information Specialists are available to members of the Stevens community to do the following:
- Assist in library research,
- Visit departments for one-on-one or group instruction,
- Teach students the effective use of library resources, and
- Provide customized database searching by appointment.
- Document Delivery Services
Through the Library’s just-in-time service model, the Stevens community benefits from 24-hour on-campus and remote Web-based access to subscription databases in diverse subject areas, including science and engineering, management and business, and the humanities. The Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery department, conveniently located on the main floor of the Library, supports research needs by determining the most prompt method of retrieving documents and materials requested by faculty, students, and staff.
Also, located directly across the Hudson River from Stevens is New York City, where important publishers, bookstores, and major research libraries provide additional resources.
- Cultural Services
The Library functions as a cultural campus center, offering a wealth of artworks, mechanical models, special collections, and musical recitals. The Library’s art collection includes two works by Alexander Calder, a 1919 Stevens graduate: the "Stevens Mobile," created and presented by Calder, who developed this art form, is exhibited in the three-story Great Hall; a jagged black metal stabile, "Hard to Swallow," stands on the second floor.
- "Safari," a mural by Pierre Bourdelle, an internationally-renowned craftsman and teacher, is exhibited above the Information Services area. His cast aluminum "American Spread Wing Eagle" adorns a south-facing exterior wall. A stunning three-part gilded bronze work designed by American sculptor Mary Callery, called "Moon and Stars," hangs over the entrance portico. On the great lawn is Anna Hyatt Huntington’s magnificent sculpture, "The Torch Bearer."
- Special Collections
A collection pertaining to Leonardo da Vinci is one of the finest accumulations of manuscripts, notebooks, and drawings in facsimile available for the use of scholars, media professionals, and humanities students.
The Library also houses manuscripts, drawings, artifacts, and monographs by and about Frederick Winslow Taylor, Class of 1883, who originated Scientific Management. Furniture from Taylor’s home is also included in the collection. Additional holdings of the Library include the Stevens archives, the original construction drawings for the Civil War ironclad U.S.S. Monitor, and treasures from the Stevens family 1854 "Castle." The four-story Library building, a showplace in library architecture, was designed by Perkins & Will. It is dedicated in memory of Samuel C. Williams, Class of 1915.
The Laboratory for Quantitative Software Engineering, supported by a grant from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology and by affiliates of the New Jersey Center for Software Engineering, has several Windows and Linux workstations connected by ethernet and wireless LANs. The Lab is affiliated with the New Jersey Institute for Trustworthy Enterprise Software.
The Lab's use is two-fold:
- First, it is used by students in the required two-semester Senior Design sequence. Their projects are more profitably implemented on networked workstations than on personal laptops. A special feature of the Senior Design course is that it uses a novel pedagogic methodology entitled "Live-Thru Case Histories." Further development of, and the study of, the efficacy of the Live-Thru Case History Method are being studied under grants from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology and the National Science Foundation, in part with the aid of custom software being developed in the Lab.
- Second, as affiliates of both Prof. Barry Boehm's University of Southern California Center for Software Engineering and of the DOD-sponsored CEBASE (Center for Experimentally-Based Software Engineering), led by Prof. Boehm and Prof. Victor Basili of the University of Maryland, the Software Engineering Lab's faculty are using the lab for experimentation in software engineering technologies and methodologies. Subjects of these studies include high-reliability software, methods for avoiding the need to perform full-scale defect detection and elimination, and modern agile software development practices pair programming, refactoring, etc. Specific studies of software reliability theory in concert with the Stevens computer engineering program are conducted with the goal of constraining the execution of software products from executing inherent faults so that they do not become failures.
The Center researches modeling, analysis, and optimization of stochastic systems. Our main research themes are:
- Theory and numerical methods of optimization under uncertainty and risk.
- Mathematical models of risk and risk analysis in applications.
- Stochastic modeling and stochastic differential equations: approximation and estimation.
The Center supervises the graduate program Stochastic Systems: Analysis and Optimization, in the Department of Mathematical Sciences, and sponsors a number of seminars, workshops, and sessions at international conferences.
Research in the VLab falls under the general areas of visualization, computer graphics, and computer vision with applications in medical imaging and diagnostics, cell biology, scientific computing, robotics, and computational finance. Current research projects include the development of new geometric methods and efficient computational algorithms for representation, recognition, and visualization of surface shapes and shape deformations, and for pre-compression data reduction in visual data communications. The VLab is part of the mV2 (multimedia vision and visualization) group, and has close ties with the Vision Laboratory at Stevens.